Inclusionary Zoning Updates From Around the Nation
Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam recently signed legislation pursued by the Tennessee Apartment Association that clarifies that mandatory inclusionary zoning polices are included in the states rent control restrictions. Under the new law, municipalities are prohibited from mandating that developers include affordable housing in new residential development. The law still allows local governments to implement incentive-based, voluntary programs. This legislation gained a lot of support from other interested groups including the National Federation of Independent Business, the National Association of Home Builders and the National Association of Realtors.
Measures addressing inclusionary zoning have also been introduced in the City of Seattle and at the state level in California.
In Seattle, Mayor Ed Murray recently introduced an ordinance that would require that new multifamily residential development contribute to affordable housing, either with affordable homes in the building or payments to help construct them throughout the city.
In California, state legislation has been introduced that would restore the authority of local governments to enact inclusionary housing policies. AB 2502 reverses a 2009 decision when an appellate court ruling in Palmer v. City of Los Angeles stated that the states Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act (Costa-Hawkins) prohibits local governments from creating affordable rental housing through local inclusionary programs.
While proponents of inclusionary zoning say it can be an effective way to create affordable housing, inclusionary zoning can actually have the unintended consequence of doing the opposite: making housing more scarce and less affordable.
Sources: Tennessee Apartment Association; Mayor Edward Murrays Office; San Diego County Apartment Association