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Barriers to Apartment Construction Index

Apartment Construction Index

Affordability is a complex issue and can be driven by diverse factors including income levels, land and natural resource availability, population growth and housing supply-demand balances, among other issues.

The National Apartment Association conducted a national survey to better understand factors that impact new supply of apartments. The survey measured development complexity including the impact of community involvement, construction costs, affordability issues, infrastructure, density & growth restrictions, land supply, environmental restrictions, approval process complexity, political structure complexity and time to develop a new property.

Metro areas are ranked by relative ease of developing new apartments, however the intent of this study was to provide data to identify differences in land management and to provide a more holistic and fact-based review of best practices and factors that impact housing availability and affordability. The index rankings are not intended to apply judgement as to whether these policies are either good or bad.

Key takeaways from the survey findings:

  • In addition to the importance of land availability, input from local citizens significantly influences development.
  • Rising land and labor costs are inhibiting the production of affordable housing.
  • Complex approval systems are correlated to affordability issues.

We hope this report provides facts and focus for local discussions by rental housing advocates, both public and private. The tide of sustained rental demand and challenges to meet this demand must be addressed by those who can influence policies at the local level with cooperation from residents, policy makers and developers towards mutual goals.

Download the Complete Report

Download the City Rankings

Download the individual reports:

Albuquerque

Atlanta

Austin

Baltimore

Boston

Charlotte

Chicago

Cincinnati

Cleveland

Columbus

Dallas

Denver

Houston

Indianapolis

Los Angeles

Miami

New York City

Orlando

Philadelphia

Phoenix

Portland

Salt Lake City

San Diego

San Francisco

Seattle

Sioux Falls

St. Louis

Tampa

Washington D.C.

For more information, including background and methodology, please contact Paula Munger, Director of Industry Research & Analysis.