COVID-19 Information for Connecticut
The purpose of this page is to provide apartment industry professionals with an overview of the issues affecting our industry with regard to the COVID-19 pandemic. The page is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute, and should not be construed as, legal advice. This resource is not intended to provide a mandatory standard of care for the industry.
State and Local Affiliates
Please remember to use your state or local apartment association as the primary resource for the most up-to-date information on your responsibilities. Find your local affiliate.
State Legal and Regulatory Information
We highly suggest you contact a local attorney before you decide to initiate an eviction action against a resident in the current environment as overlaying federal, state and county laws or restrictions on the judicial process may apply. This includes: issuing a notice to vacate, initiating any eviction-related action, or assessing fees or penalties on residents for nonpayment of rent or other lease violations. In addition to the below, you can access NAA's statutory information on late fees, eviction laws and other policy issues.
Connecticut is currently in a modified Phase 2 of the state’s reopening plans. Phase 2 limits the size of public and private gatherings in outdoor and indoor spaces.
Face Mask Mandate
Governor Ned Lamont issued a face mask requirement for any person in a public place that is not able to maintain safe social distancing. This order has and will remain in effect for the duration of the state’s emergency declaration.
State of Emergency
Governor Ned Lamont declared a state of emergency on March 10, 2020.
- Action: Extends the provisions of Executive Order No. 7X as modified by Executive Order Nos. 7NN, Section 4, 7DDD, Section 1, and 7OOO Section 3 until January 1, 2021 with some modifications.
- Description: Prevents notices to quit or service of summary process before January 1, 2021. Exceptions include “nonpayment of rent due on or before February 29, 2020, serious nonpayment of rent, for serious nuisance as defined in section 47a-15 of the Connecticut General Statutes, or, provided the notice to quit is not delivered during the term of any existing rental agreement, for a bona fide intention by the landlord to use such dwelling unit as such landlord’s principal residence.”
- Notice Requirements: All notices to quit issued before January 1, 2021 must include a copy of the CDC declaration form attached to the CDC Eviction Moratorium Order in both English and Spanish. If the declaration is delivered to the housing provider, all action to evict must cease. Additionally, “all notices to quit and all complaints in summary process actions for serious nonpayment of rent that are issued before January 1, 2021 shall specify and recite the amount of the rent arrearage due on or after March 1, 2020, the months for which rent has not been paid, and in what amounts.” “All notices to quit and all complaints in summary process actions for serious nonpayment of rent that are issued before January 1, 2021 shall specify and recite the amount of the rent arrearage due on or after March 1, 2020, the months for which rent has not been paid, and in what amounts.”
- Definition of Serious Nonpayment of Rent: A rent arrearage equal to or greater than six months’ worth of rent due on or after March 1, 2020, excluding all other costs, fees, attorney fees, and other charges arising form the tenancy.
- Action: Issued on April 10, 2020, the order implements protections for residential renters impacted by COVID-19 through August 22, 2020. On August 21, 2020, Governor Lamont extended the order to October 1, 2020.
- Description: Prevents the issuance of any notice to quit or service of summary process before August 22, 2020 for any reason outlined in CT Gen. Stat. § 47a-23, with the exception of nonpayment of rent due on or prior to February 29, 2020 or for serious nuisance as defined in CT Gen. Stat. § 21-80 et seq. The order provides an automatic 60-day grace period for April rent and a 60-day grace period for May rent upon request.
- COVID-19 Related Impact Requirement: Yes, but only for requests to defer May rent for 60 days. “Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, if rent due in May 2020 is unpaid when due and paid within sixty days thereafter by a tenant who, on or before the 9th day after such rent is due, notifies the landlord or landlord’s representative in writing, including but not limited to in written electronic communication, that the tenant needs to delay all or some payment of rent because he or she has become fully or partially unemployed or otherwise sustained a significant loss in revenue or increase in expenses as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the tenant of a dwelling unit shall not be in default or violation of the rental agreement and the landlord of such unit may not deliver or cause to be delivered a notice to quit or serve or file a summary process action for nonpayment of such rent; impose late fees, interest, or penalties; report such rent as late to any credit bureau or tenant screening service; or otherwise retaliate against the tenant.”
- Extended Opportunity to Apply Additional Security Deposit to Rent: Upon written request from a resident not enrolled in the security deposit guarantee program pursuant to CT Gen. Stat. § 9-339, who has paid a security deposit that exceeds one month’s rent, and who provides written notice, including but not limited to written electronic communication, that he or she has suffered financially from COVID-19 through job loss, significant loss of income, or increased expenses, the housing provider will withdraw an amount from the resident’s security deposit in excess of one month’s rent and apply it toward rent due in April, May, June, July, or August 2020.
- Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.
- Late Fees: Prohibited.
- Action: Suspension of the service of all issued executions on evictions and ejectments through July 1, 2020.
- Scope: The order covers all lease violations.
- Exceptions: Not addressed.
- COVID-19 Related Impact Requirement: No.
- Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.
Rental Assistance / Housing Provider Assistance
The Connecticut Department of Housing will provide $2.5 million to landlords whose undocumented tenants have fallen behind on rent, and a charity, 4-CT.org, will provide $1 million to be distributed to families screened for need by community groups.
No rent freeze is in effect at the state or local level. Local rent regulation is preempted by CGS § 7-148b.
Under Connecticut Code, § 42.231, the Governor may designate a product or service to be in short supply resulting from the declaration of emergency and impose price restrictions on that product or service. Prior to any imposition, the Governor shall make written findings that the product is in short supply due to disruption and that the product is essential to the health, safety, and welfare of the people of the state, including the need for shelter. Any imposition would last until the end of the emergency or ninety days after the declaration, whichever occurs first.