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COVID-19 Information for California

The purpose of this page is to provide apartment industry professionals with an overview of the issues affecting our industry with regard to the COVID-19 pandemic. The page is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute, and should not be construed as, legal advice. This resource is not intended to provide a mandatory standard of care for the industry.

State and Local Affiliates

Please remember to use your state or local apartment association as the primary resource for the most up-to-date information on your responsibilities. Find your local affiliate.

State Legal and Regulatory Information

We highly suggest you contact a local attorney before you decide to initiate an eviction action against a resident in the current environment as overlaying federal, state and county laws or restrictions on the judicial process may apply. This includes: issuing a notice to vacate, initiating any eviction-related action, or assessing fees or penalties on residents for nonpayment of rent or other lease violations. In addition to the below, you can access NAA's statutory information on late fees, eviction laws and other policy issues.

Shelter in Place 

Effective Thursday, March 19, 2020, all individuals living in the State of California to stay home or at their place of residence except as needed to maintain continuity of operations of the federal critical infrastructure sectors. Infrastructure designated by CISA in its March 28, 2020 “Memorandum on Identification of Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers During COVID-19 Response,” of which property management is included, is exempted from closure by the order. This order will remain in effect until rescinded.

On Tuesday, April 28, 2020, Governor Gavin Newsom presented the criteria necessary for a relaxing of restrictions on individuals and non-essential businesses.

As of Thursday, June 4, 2020, all but seven counties in California have progressed into Stage 2 of Governor Newsom’s re-opening process. Retail stores may re-open and restaurants may resume dine-in services.

State of Emergency

Governor Gavin Newsom declared a state of emergency on March 4.

Eviction

California Judicial Council Order

  • Action: On April 9, 2020, the California Judicial Council issued an order restricting evictions until 90 days after the state of emergency is lifted, or the order is modified by the council.
  • Restrictions: Suspends the issuance of summons and entry of default and default judgments on unlawful detainer complaints, and to allow courts to set trials on any unlawful detainer actions in which a defendant has appeared more than 60 days after the request for such a trial, unless the court finds that earlier action is needed to protect public health and safety. Adopts emergency rule 2 to stay all actions for judicial foreclosures on mortgages and deeds of trust and extend all deadlines related to such actions. Provides for remote hearings.
  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes
  • COVID-19 Related Impact Requirement: No

Executive Order N-37-20 (Expired)

  • Action: On March 27, 2020, Governor Newsom issued an executive order implementing a statewide eviction moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent through May 31, 2020.
  • Restrictions: The order extends the time residents are required to respond to an eviction notice for nonpayment of rent, detailed in Code of Civil Procedure section 1167, to 60 days. Residents must have kept current on rent payments prior to March 27, 2020 and are required to notify their housing provider of the need to defer rent due to a COVID-19 related impact and provide supporting documentation.
  • Notification: Residents must notify the landlord in writing before the rent is due or within a 7-day timeframe requesting a deferral of some or all of the rent, due to a COVID-19 related impact. 
  • COVID-19 Related Impact: The inability to work due to being sick with a suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member with a suspected or confirmed case; being laid off, losing hours, or experiencing reduced income resulting from COVID-19, the state of emergency, or related government response; or missing work to care for a child whose school was closed in response to COVID-19. 
  • Supporting Documentation: The resident must show documentation, such as termination notices, payroll checks, pay stubs, bank statements, medical bills, or signed letters or statements from an employer or supervisor, supporting the resident’s assertion of an inability to pay. This documentation must be provided to the housing provider no later than the time payment of back rent is due. 
  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Executive Order N-28-20

  • Action: The order sets guidelines for local level eviction moratoriums. Evictions for nonpayment of rent or foreclosure may be prohibited if they arise due to a COVID-19 related impact or COVID-19 related government action, such as substantial decrease in household or business income caused by layoffs or a reduction in work hours, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand. Residents are still be responsible for rent.
  • Duration: Through May 31, 2020, unless extended.
  • Public Housing Authorities: Public housing authorities are requested to extend deadlines for housing assistance recipients or applicants to deliver records or documents related to their eligibility for programs, to the extent those deadlines are within the discretion of the housing authority. 

 

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

No statewide emergency rental assistance for California.

Rent Freeze

No rent freeze is in effect at the state level. Local rent regulations are restricted by the Costa-Hawkins Act Rental Housing Act of 1995.

 Costa Hawkins does the following:

  • It protects a landlord’s right to raise the rent to market rate on a unit once a tenant moves out.

  • It prevents cities from establishing rent control—or capping rent—on units constructed after February 1995.

  • It exempts single-family homes and condos from rent control restrictions.

Price-Gouging Law

Under California Code, § 396, it is unlawful to increase the price of rental housing by more than 10 percent above the determined rent prior to the declaration of emergency. For rental housing that was not rented prior to a declaration of emergency or its rent advertised, rent cannot exceed 160 percent of the fair market value as determined by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. The statute also prohibits housing providers from re-renting the property after eviction at a higher rate than would have been allowed under the price gouging statute.

Local Legal and Regulatory Information

Agoura Hills

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: Moratorium on evictions for nonpayment in effect until May 31, 2020. 

  • Notification: Residents must contact their housing provider within 30-days after the rent is due in writing detailing lost income and subsequent inability to pay rent due to COVID-19. They must also provide supporting documentation.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A substantial financial impact related to COVID-19 is defined as: being sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, or business closure; compliance with government health authority recommendations to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with other during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs. 

  • Restrictions: A housing provider who has been contacted in writing by a resident detailing the above may not serve a three day pay or quit notice or otherwise seek to evict for nonpayment of rent. 

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

  • Additional Commentary: Order applies to evictions and unlawful detainer actions served or filed on or after the March 16, 2020 local emergency declaration.

Alameda City 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: The City Council has enacted an eviction moratorium that will remain in effect until 30 days after the declared state of emergency is over.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income due to COVID-19 includes: a reduction of 20% or more of monthly gross pay; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or extraordinary childcare needs.

  • Restrictions: The moratorium provides all residential tenants a defense in an eviction proceeding for failure to pay rent.

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes

  • Additional Commentary: The moratorium also applies to Section 8 Program residents who cannot cover their share of the contract rent. Additionally, it applies to notices to pay or quit served on or after March 1, 2020.

Alameda County 

Shelter in Place

Effective Monday, March 16, 2020, all individuals currently living within the County of Alameda are ordered to shelter at their place of residence unless performing essential services or activities.

Effective Sunday, May 3, 2020, Alameda County’s shelter in place order will be extended until Sunday, May 31, 2020. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:

  • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and
  • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: Moratorium on evictions during and 30-days after the expiration of the local health emergency related to COVID-19.

  • Restrictions: No housing provider may evict or otherwise require a resident to vacate a residential unit or retaliate against them. Residents are provided an absolute defense to any unlawful detainer action filed or served on or after March 24, 2020.

  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: Prohibited.

  • Exceptions: 1) Removing the property from the rental market via the Ellis Act and in compliance with applicable local ordinances, 2) evictions in compliance with government agency or court order, 3) continued occupancy by the resident poses an imminent threat to health or safety (the basis of which cannot be a resident’s COVID-19 illness or exposure, whether actual or suspected).

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Anaheim 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: Enacts a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent in effect from March 24, 2020 through May 31, 2020. 
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing providers of the inability to cover rent in writing before the day rent is due. They must also provide proof of reduced income due to COVID-19 and pay whatever portion of the rent they can cover. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents will have up to 120-days after the expiration of the ordinance to pay any unpaid rent to the housing provider. The terms of the payment plan should be agreed to by the resident and housing provider. If an agreement cannot be reached, the rent shall be paid in four equal monthly payments.

  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: No late fees, interest, or other penalties can be charged. 

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Arcata 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: Moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent is in effect until May 31, 2020. 

  • Restriction: Housing providers cannot evict for nonpayment if the tenant demonstrates the inability to pay rent is due to COVID-19 related impacts, including government actions, regulations, or guidelines. 

  • Notification: Any tenant seeking coverage under this moratorium must contact their housing provider in writing before the day rent is due concerning the inability to pay rent. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A layoff; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses; or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand. Residents must pay whatever portion of the rent they are able to cover. 

  • Supporting Documentation: Within seven days after notification, residents must supply their housing provider with verifiable documentation supporting the resident’s assertion of financial instability caused by COVID-19. Resident must demonstrate that the decrease in household or business income has not been adequately offset by unemployment insurance, a government COVID-19 stipend, government-sponsored loan or grant financing, or similar COVID-19 financial support. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Accrued rent must be paid over the following 120-days after the expiration of the ordinance. Eviction protections apply during this repayment period. Residents must pay whatever portion of the rent they are able to cover. 

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Baldwin Park 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: Moratorium on evictions on no-fault evictions or evictions for nonpayment of rent by residents impacted by COVID-19 during the period of local emergency.
  • Restrictions: Housing providers may not evict a resident for nonpayment if the resident demonstrates an inability to pay rent due to COVID-19 related impacts.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to being sick or caring for a household member with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, or business closure; compliance with government health authority guidance to stay at home, self-quarantine, or social distance during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19. 

  • Scope: This Order applies to nonpayment eviction notices, no-fault eviction notices, and unlawful detainer actions based on such notices, served or filed on or after the date on which a local emergency was proclaimed.

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Benicia 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: The City Council enacted a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent during the period of local emergency.

  • Notification: Residents must contact their housing provider in writing within 30 days after the date rent is due to demonstrate an inability to pay due to financial impacts related to COVID-19 through documentation. In writing is defined to include email or mobile text communications to the housing provider. 

  • Scope: Any three-day notices to pay or quit, as well as no-fault eviction notices, served prior to the effective date of this order, but not yet expired, are automatically deemed served upon the conclusion of the moratorium period.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are still liable for unpaid rent, which must be paid within 60-days of May 31, 2020 or a subsequent extension of this moratorium. 

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Berkeley 

Shelter in Place

Effective Tuesday, March 31, 2020 the City of Berkeley’s Health Officer issued a legal order directing their respective residents to shelter at home through Sunday, May 3, 2020. The order limits activity, travel and business functions to only the most essential needs.  Residential Facilities are deemed essential by the order under section f(xxiii) and therefore exempted from closure.

Effective Sunday, May 3, 2020, Berkeley’s shelter in place order will be extended until Sunday, May 31, 2020. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:

  • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and
  • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: The City Council enacted an eviction moratorium on March 17, 2020 for the duration of the State of Emergency issued by Governor Newsom.

  • Restrictions: During this time, no eviction notices or unlawful detainer actions may be filed on or after the date of enactment for non-payment of rent of a resident who can demonstrate the inability to pay rent due to COVID-19. No fault evictions are also restricted, excluding those related to withdrawing property from the rental market through the Ellis Act.

  • Notification: Residents must provide notice of lost income due to a COVID-19 related financial impact and provide supportive documentation in writing (including email and text communications). Residents can do so prior to the rent due date; within three days (excluding weekends and holidays) of receiving a “pre notice of rent delinquency from the landlord; after service of a three-day notice to pay rent or quit; or as a defense to an unlawful detainer action.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Covered reasons for delayed payment include a substantial decrease in household income (layoffs, reductions in work hours), or substantial out of pocket medical expenses due to COVID-19. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Not detailed. Residents are still responsible for rent under the lease. 

  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: Housing providers may not charge late fees for rent delayed for covered reasons.

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The City of Berkeley has made COVID-19 Housing Retention Grants available to residents at risk of eviction and they will remain available for 60 days after the shelter in place order is lifted. Grants must prevent an eviction or support housing-related financial assistance needed due to loss of income from COVID-19. Households requesting assistance must have a signed rental agreement or an alternate form of documentation verifying the applicant’s tenancy and monthly rent.

Households must be at or below 80% of Area Median Income. Income must be verified by documentation from a third party or an affidavit signed by the applicant stating current income during the COVID-19 emergency.

Households must meet one or more of the following requirements. Where applicable, households should provide supporting documentation verifying the below criteria. During the COVID-19 emergency, acceptable documentation may include an affidavit from the applicant to prove the following:

  • Decrease in income

  • Unexpected medical and/or disability expenses paid without credit

  • Fleeing domestic violence

  • Work-related vehicle expense (the vehicle is required for the job supporting documentation from employer may be required)

  • COVID-19 related financial losses

  • Fell behind on rent for other factors to be approved at the discretion of the fund administrator.

Approved households can receive up to $5,000 as a one-time grant, and an additional one-time grant of up to $10,000 during the specified COVID-19 emergency.

Beverly Hills 

Eviction 

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: On March 16, 2020, the City Council placed a moratorium on evictions for non-payment of rent by residents and businesses impacted by COVID-19 for the duration of the local emergency. Also included was a temporary suspension of utility shutoffs and a moratorium on no-fault evictions.

  • Application: This Ordinance applies to nonpayment eviction notices, no-fault eviction notices, and unlawful detainer actions based on such notices, served or filed on or after the date on which a local emergency was proclaimed.

  • Restrictions: No housing provider may file an unlawful detainer or seek to evict for nonpayment a resident who provides notification of an inability to pay due to a COVID-19 related financial impact.

  • Notification: The resident must notify their housing provider within 30-days of rent being due in writing and supply supporting documentation In writing includes email and text communication.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact:  Lost income resulting from any of the following: being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Buena Park 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance No. 1680

  • Description: The City Council enacted a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent and no-fault evictions effective March 17, 2020 until State Executive Order 37-20 expires.  
  • Notification: Residents must notify housing providers in writing (this includes email or text message) within 7 days of rent being due of their inability to pay rent due to a COVID-19 related financial impact and provide supportive documentation (termination notices, payroll checks, pay stubs, bank statements, medical bills, or signed letters or statements from an employer or supervisor explaining the resident’s changed financial circumstances).

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to: being sick or caring for a household member with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, or business closure; compliance with government health authority guidance to stay at home, self-quarantine, or social distance during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19. 

  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Burbank

Eviction 

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: On March 18, 2020, the City Council passed an emergency ordinance implementing an eviction moratorium on cases of non-payment of rent through April 30, 2020. This ordinance has expired.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: The ordinance only applies to tenants who cannot afford rent because of a drop in income or revenue due to layoffs, reduced hours or business closures brought on by the outbreak, or substantial out of pocket medical expenses.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Tenants will have up to six months to pay their back rent after the moratorium period expires.

Camarillo 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: A temporary moratorium on eviction for nonpayment of rent impacted by COVID-19 is in effect until terminated by the City Council. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: COVID-19 related financial impacts include a substantial decrease in household income (including, but not limited to, a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out-of­-pocket medical expenses; provided that, the Financial Impact was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state or federal government response to COVID-19.

  • Notification: Residents must demonstrate their inability to pay rent is due to COVID-19 related financial impacts in writing (email and text included) to their housing provider within 30 days after rent is due. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Not addressed. Residents are liable for unpaid rent accrued during this period. 

Chula Vista 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: On March 17, 2020, the City Council enacted an eviction moratorium consistent with Governor Newsom’s original guidance on city level eviction moratoriums. The moratorium runs through May 31, 2020, unless extended by the Chula Vista City Council.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The moratorium stops residential/commercial tenant evictions and suspends foreclosure for nonpayment of rent or mortgage when a tenant's or homeowner's income has been substantially impacted by COVID-19 and that impact can be adequately documented.

Clearlake

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Eviction: On March 19, 2020, the City Council enacted an ordinance placing a moratorium on residential evictions until the expiration of Executive Order N-28-20, including any extensions. That order is currently set to expire on May 31, 2020.

  • Restrictions: Residential tenants shall not be evicted for nonpayment of rent if the tenant demonstrates that the inability to pay rent is due to COVID-19, the state of emergency regarding COVID-19, or following government-recommended COVID-19 precautions.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to: being sick with COVID-19 or caring with a family member sick with COVID-19; layoffs, loss of hours, a substantial decrease in business income, other income reduction due to COVID-19; compliance with a recommendation from a government agency to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; the tenant’s need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child; or the tenant’s extraordinary medical cost resulting from COVID-19 related medical expenses.

  • Notification: Tenants must notify the landlord in writing on or before the day rent is due with the covered reason for delayed payment. Verifiable documentation includes, but is not limited to, a letter from the tenant’s employer stating that the tenant’s income is reduced or eliminated due to the effects of COVID-19, or a letter from the tenant’s health care provider indicating the tenant or a member of the tenant’s household is infected with COVID-19. The tenant shall provide updated documentation as stated above every thirty (30) days to the landlord.

  • Scope: If a tenant complies with the ordinance, landlords shall not serve a notice a notice pursuant to California Code of Civil Procedure sections 1161 or 1162, file or prosecute an unlawful detainer action based on a three-day pay or quit notice, or otherwise endeavor to evict the tenant for nonpayment of rent, and the ordinance place into effect March 19, 2020 by the Clearlake City Council shall be an affirmative defense to any such eviction action.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Tenants who were afforded eviction protection under this ordinance shall have up to 180-days after March 19, 2020 to pay their landlord all unpaid rent.  Tenants are encouraged to pay as much as they can toward any rent payment during the state of emergency to prevent further financial hardship later when repayments become due.

Concord

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Description: A moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent from March 25, 2020 to May 31, 2020.

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider of the inability to pay rent in writing (including email) at least 7-days prior to rent being due and supply supporting documentation.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial decrease in household income means a reduction in 20% or more of monthly pay when compared with resident’s average monthly income from 2019. Decrease must be caused by layoffs, a reduction in work hours due to COVID-19, substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses, increased childcare needs or expenses due to school closures.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Affected residents will have a 90 days grace period per month of deferred rent from the expiration of the ordinance to repay unpaid rent accrued over this time period.  Ex: 2 months of unpaid rent x 90 days = 180 days. 

  • Additional Commentary: Rent increases are prohibited for affected tenants.

Rent Freeze

On March 25, 2020, the City implemented an eviction moratorium and rent freeze.

  • Scope: The rent freeze applies only to “affected” residents, meaning those that would also qualify for eviction protections by providing notice and documentation to their housing provider of an inability to pay due to COVID-19.

  • Exemptions: All properties exempt under California’s statewide rent control law (AB 1482) or the Costa Hawkins Act of 1995.

  • Duration: Until the Governor’s Executive Order N-28-20 expires or is rescinded.

Contra Costa County

Shelter in Place

Effective Tuesday, March 31, 2020 Contra Costa County issued a legal order directing their respective residents to shelter at home through Sunday, May 3, 2020. The order limits activity, travel and business functions to only the most essential needs.  Residential Facilities are deemed essential by the order under section f(xxiii) and therefore exempted from closure.

Effective Sunday, May 3, 2020, Contra Costa County’s shelter in place order will be extended until Sunday, May 31, 2020. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:

  • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and
  • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Rent Freeze

On April 21, 2020, the Board of Supervisors enacted a rent freeze ordinance effective through May 31, 2020 , unless extended by the county.

  • Scope: Owners of residential property are prohibited from increasing rent.

  • Exemptions: State law requires certain exemptions from the County’s rent increase moratorium.

    • State law exempts residential units constructed after February 1995.

    • It exempts single-family homes and condos.

    • It exempts specialty housing such as nonprofit hospitals, religious facilities, licensed care, and health facilities, school or college dormitories operated by the school or college, government-sponsored public and affordable housing, hotels, and other transient housing properties.

    • It protects a landlord’s right to raise the rent to market rate on a unit once a tenant moves out.

    • The rent freeze does not apply to automatic rent increases included in a lease or written agreement made before April 21, 2020.

    • If the property is located in a city, other rent limits imposed by the city may apply.

    • Effective Sunday, May 3, 2020, Contra Costa County’s shelter in place order will be extended until Sunday, May 31, 2020. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:

    • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and

    • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Contra Mesa 

Eviction

Emergency Regulation

  • Description: A temporary moratorium on the eviction of residential or commercial tenants who are unable to pay rent as a result of the COVID-19 crisis. The moratorium is in effect throughout the duration of the State-declared emergency related to COVID-19. 
  • Notification: The resident must notify their housing provider within 30-days after the rent is due and provide supporting documentation to qualify for eviction protection. Notification and documentation must be in writing (includes email or text communications).

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Decreased income due to layoffs, reduction in compensable hours of work, elimination of a non-essential job, or substantial decrease in business income due to reduced operating hours or consumer demand, substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses.

  • Restrictions: Housing providers are prohibited from initiating proceedings or otherwise taking steps to evict a tenant for nonpayment of rent from any residential dwelling or commercial space in Costa Mesa. Residents must demonstrate that the inability to pay rent is due to substantial financial impacts arising from COVID-19.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Any deferred rent must be fully paid to the landlord within 120-days of the end of the State-declared emergency.

Culver City 

Eviction 

City Manager Order and Implementation Measures

  • Description: The City’s eviction moratorium has been revised twice since it was originally enacted in mid-March. The moratorium now prevents all residential evictions if a resident can show an inability to pay due to a COVID-19 Related Financial Impact until May 31, 2020, with limited exceptions. It also provides for a 12-month repayment schedule.

  • Effective Date: The City Manager’s original order – an eviction moratorium based on COVID-19 related financial impacts – took effect March 27, 2020. The most recent order – an extension of repayment to 12 months – took effect April 28, 2020. The eviction moratorium protects any resident who is still occupying their rental unit prior to the expiration of the ordinance.

  • Restrictions and Exceptions: Housing providers are prohibited from evicting residents while the order is in effect, except under the following circumstances.

    • Nonpayment of rent where the resident cannot claim an inability to pay.

    • The resident is using the rental unit for an illegal purpose and fails to correct the condition after being given notice and opportunity to cure.

    • Resident refuses to allow the owner to enter the unit as required by law, except if the occupant has been ordered to self-isolate or remain in quarantine, and entry would violate that order.

    • The resident has created or is maintaining a dangerous or unsanitary condition and does not promptly abate or repair it, provided that the housing provider gives written notice to the resident and the City describing in detail the nature of the condition and the steps taken by the housing provider to avoid eviction.

    • Where eviction is necessary to address an imminent and objectively verifiable threat to health and safety of a member of the resident’s household or other residents of the property, or to staff, provided that the housing provider gives written notice to the resident and to the City, describing in detail the nature of the imminent threat and the steps taken to avoid eviction.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to workplace closure, child care expenditures due to school closures, or health care expenses from being ill with COVID-19 or caring for a household member ill with COVID-19, or reasonable expenditures stemming from government ordered emergency measures.

  • Notification: The resident must provide notice in writing within 30-days after rent is due. Documentation is required.

  • Documentation: The resident is required to provide a signed and dated declaration under the penalty of perjury stating they are unable to pay rent and describing the reasons for that inability to pay. The declaration must be signed and include the following statement or its substantial equivalent over the resident’s signature: “I DECLARE UNDER THE PENALTY OF PERJURY UNDER THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA THAT THE REPRESENTATIONS HEREIN ARE TRUE AND CORRECT.” The resident must also make a diligent, good-faith effort to provide supportive documentation, such as pay stubs, proof of medical expenses etc. The rules state that a housing provider may not “require a particular form of documentation form the resident and must objectively and in good faith consider the documentation provided.”

  • Late fees: Prohibited for rent deferred during the local emergency.

  • Notice of Termination Requirements: Whenever a notice of termination is served during the effective period of the City’s order, the housing provider must send the City a copy of the notice and provide a description of the circumstances cited as the basis for a permitted eviction.

Davis 

Eviction

  • Eviction: The City Council has adopted a temporary moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent effective March 24, 2020, through the duration of the local emergency. 

  • Restrictions: A landlord may not evict for the following reasons: for failure to submit documentation or nonpayment of rent if the tenant demonstrates that the tenant is unable to submit documentation or pay rent due to impacts related to COVID-19; for violation of lease terms where compliance with the lease terms is not possible due to impacts related to COVID19; or for a no-fault eviction unless immediately necessary because of the existence of a hazardous condition affecting tenants or neighbors. A hazardous condition shall not include the presence of individuals who have been infected by or exposed to COVID-19.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Administrative delays or other impacts of COVID-19; being sick or caring for a household member with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, business closure; compliance with a government order or directive to stay home, self-quarantine, or social distance; extraordinary out of pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures caused by COVID-19. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider within 10-days following the date or rent is due and provide supportive documentation within 30-days after rent is due. They must also pay whatever portion of the rent they are able to cover at that time. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents must pay back accrued rent within 6-months after the local emergency is lifted. Agreements are encouraged between residents and housing providers, but if one cannot be made payments shall be repaid in 6 equal installments made in 30-day intervals.

Delano 

Eviction

On March 26, 2020, the City Council adopted an ordinance enacting an eviction moratorium pursuant to Governor Newsom’s Executive Order N-28-20 through May 31, 2020. Residents have 6 months to repay accrued rent.

Durante 

Eviction

Urgency Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council enacted an urgency ordinance implementing an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent effective April 23, 2020 for 30 days unless extended. Residents must show they have suffered a COVID-19 related financial impact. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A substantial loss of household or business income due to workplace closure, loss of compensable hours of work or wages, layoffs, or extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses. Financial impact is “related to COVID-19” if it was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the President of the United States’ Declaration of National Emergency, the Governor of the State of California’s Declaration of State Emergency, the City of Duarte’s Proclamation of Local Emergency, or compliance with public health orders related to COVID-19 from local, state, or federal authorities, including compliance with employer dictates or policies regarding shutdowns, limitations on gatherings or operations of businesses or groups, social distancing, self-isolation or self-quarantine, or like measures.

  • Notification: Tenants who wish to avail themselves of the protections afforded by this moratorium must first notify their landlords that they cannot pay rent due to a COVID-19 related financial impact. Within one week of providing this notice, tenants must provide documentation to their landlord(s) corroborating that they have suffered a COVID-19 related financial impact. A statement signed under penalty of perjury outlining the specific details of the COVID-19 related financial impact the tenant has suffered shall constitute sufficient corroboration documentation.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: This Urgency Ordinance imposes a moratorium on evictions — but is not, and should not be, interpreted as a moratorium on the payment of rent, or any forgiveness of same. Tenants who avail themselves of the protections afforded by this moratorium shall remain responsible for the ultimate payment of rent. Unless a landlord agrees to a longer repayment term, tenants shall have up to three (3) months after the City of Duarte proclaims the termination of the Local Emergency to repay any unpaid rent.

El Cerrito

Eviction

Urgency Ordinance

  • Action: On March 25, 2020, the City Council adopted an urgency ordinance enacting a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment cases for residents financially impacted by COVID-19 effective through May 31, 2020. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The Ordinance provides temporary rent forbearance to those who qualify by providing 6-months, from the Ordinance expiration date, to catch up on unpaid rent and suspends late fees from being charged for qualified tenants who can demonstrate loss of income or revenue due to COVID-19. The City encourages tenants to notify their property owner/manager to discuss a repayment plan if you are experiencing loss of income from work, childcare costs related to school closures, healthcare costs related to COVID-19.

El Monte 

Eviction 

On March 20, 2020, the City Council approved an eviction moratorium in effect through the expiration of Executive Order N-37-20. The ordinance is constructed based on the guidance in Executive Order N-28-20.

Elk Grove 

Eviction

City Council Emergency Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council adopted an emergency ordinance establishing an eviction moratorium effective March 31, 2020, through May 31, 2020. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: The moratorium has more specific requirements than most that have been established nationwide to date. The ordinance bars all unlawful detainer proceedings against any resident for a covered reason. These include:

    • A substantial decrease in household income (i.e. layoffs, reduction in hours). This is defined as “a decrease in gross household income of not less than 20% from the average gross monthly household income for the period from December 1, 2019 through February 29th, 2020.”
    • Substantial out of pocket medical expenses, defined as total medical expenses for one family living in a single residential unit of at least 20% of the family’s gross monthly income. 
  • Notification: Residents must do the following to take advantage of the eviction protections:

    • Notify the owner or housing provider in writing the day before rent is due and outline the covered reason for delayed payment;

    • Provide the housing provider with verifiable documentation to support the assertion of a covered reason for delayed payment; and

    • Pay 50% of the regular monthly rent due. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents will have up to 120-days after the expiration of the ordinance (May 31, 2020, subject to extension) to pay the owner or housing provider all unpaid rent due, the terms of which will be subject to mutual agreement between the housing provider and resident. In the absence of a repayment plan, the delayed payments must be repaid in four equal payments made in 30-day intervals beginning the day after the expiration of the ordinance. A landlord may commence an eviction action against any person who fails to make those payments.

Emeryville 

Eviction

The City Council enacted an eviction moratorium effective through May 31, 2020 on cases involving nonpayment of rent. There is no requirement that an inability to pay is due to COVID-19 related financial impact.

Fresno City 

Eviction

A 30-day eviction moratorium has been implemented in the city, following guidance from Governor Gavin Newsom’s Executive Order 28-20 (See California). The moratorium may be renewed for another 30 days at the City Council’s discretion.

Fresno County 

Eviction

  • Eviction: The County enacted a 30-day moratorium effective March 19, 2020 effective through May 31st.  

  • Restrictions: During this period, housing providers cannot serve a 3-day notice or file an unlawful detainer action for nonpayment of rent if the resident provides documentation. 

  • Notification: There is no deadline to provide notice to housing providers. Some ordinances require this prior to the rent due date, or prior to the expiration of the three-day notice to pay or quit. However, once the resident has provided notice to the housing provider, the resident has one-week to provide “documentation or other objective information” supporting the claim of an inability to pay rent. The notice of an inability to pay does not have to be in writing. The nature of what is acceptable supporting “documentation or other objective information” is not addressed.

  • Late Fees and Penalties: No late fees or other penalties can be assessed on rent deferrals for a COVID-19 related impact.

Fullerton 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council passed a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent effective March 26, 2020 through May 31, 2020, which will automatically be extended if the Governor’s Executive Order N-28-20 is extended. 

  • Restrictions: Housing providers may not serve a 3-day notice or file an unlawful detainer action for nonpayment of rent if the resident provides documentation of a COVID-19 related financial impact. 

  • Notification: To qualify for eviction protections, affected residents must notify their housing provider within 30-days of the rent being due. Notification must be made in writing (includes email and text communications) and include supporting documentation.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Decrease in household income due to: layoffs or reduction in work hours; compliance with government guidance to stay home, self-quarantine, or social distance; childcare needs arising from school closures; or suffering from or caring for a household member who has COVID-19. The Cause must be related to COVID-19.

  • Payment of Deferral Payment: Residents are still responsible for any rent deferred and accrued during this time period and have 180-days to repay the housing provider. The City’s FAQ can be found here.

Garden Grove 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council enacted a moratorium on evictions (see resolution on linked page) consistent with Governor Newsom’s Executive Order N-28-20 effective March 16, 2020 through May 31, 2020.

  • Restrictions: Suspends “residential and commercial evictions and foreclosures due to nonpayment of rent or a substantial decrease in household or business income due to COVID-19.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Layoff, or a reduction in compensable hours of work or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses caused by the. COVID-19 pandemic or by any local, state or federal government response to COVID-19, which is documented.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: This moratorium does not relieve a tenant of the obligation to pay rent, nor restrict a landlord’s ability to recover rent due.

Glendale 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: City Council has enacted an eviction moratorium on nonpayment of rent cases effective March 24, 2020 through June 30, 2020.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to a COVID-19 related workplace closure or reduction in hours or activities; child care expenditures due to school closures; health case expense related to being ill with COVID-19; or caring for a household member who is ill with COVID-19, or reasonable expenditure that stem from government-ordered emergency measures. 

  • Notification: The resident has 14-days prior to the rent due date to provide written notice of inability to pay. Notice with respect to rent for April must be provided as soon as practicable. Later notices from the resident may be deemed reasonable, depending on the circumstances. Notice from residents must be written and must be provided to successfully defend against eviction.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The resident has up to six months following the end of the local emergency period to repay any back due rent accrued.

  • The City Council fact sheet on the ordinance can be found here.

Rent Freeze

On March 24, 2020, the City Council enacted a rent freeze on all residential properties built prior to February 1, 1995, excluding single-family homes, condos, or unit turnovers.

  • Scope: The freeze requires all rents to remain as they were on March 24, 2020, irrespective of any increase notice.

  • Duration: Through June 30, 2020.

Additional Commentary: Increases that were noticed but did not take effect as of March 24, 2020, cannot be collected through June 20, 2020, or later if extended. The City has indicated that rent increases issued between March 25, 2020 and the expiration of the emergency order will need to be reissued once the order has expired

Goleta 

Eviction

City Council Local Emergency Order

  • Action: The City Council issued a local emergency order that implemented a temporary moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent for residents impacted by COVID-19. This moratorium will last for the duration of the local emergency. 

  • Restrictions: The order applies to nonpayment eviction notices and unlawful detainer actions based on such notices, served, or filed on or after the date on which a local emergency was proclaimed. 

  • Notification: The resident has within 30-days after the rent due date to provide written notice of inability to pay due to COVID-19 and provide supporting documentation. “In writing” is defined as email or text communications. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Financial impacts related to COVID19 include, but are not limited to, tenant lost household income as a result of any of the following: being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; layoff, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Nothing in this order shall relieve the tenant of liability for the unpaid rent, which the landlord may seek after expiration of the local emergency and the tenant must pay within six months of the expiration of the local emergency. A landlord may not charge or collect a late fee for rent that is delayed for the reasons stated in this ordinance; nor may a landlord seek rent that is delayed, or the reasons stated in this ordinance through the eviction process.

  • Additional Commentary: If any part of this order is inconsistent with a Federal or State legislative action, the Director of Emergency Services may suspend those sections.

Hayward

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council has enacted an eviction moratorium covering nonpayment of rent cases for residents experiencing a reduction in income due to COVID-19 related impacts. The moratorium is effective March 24, 2020 for a period of 90 days. 
  • Restrictions: The order applies to nonpayment, no-fault eviction cases, and unlawful detainer actions based on notices served or filed during the moratorium period. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: During the moratorium period, no landlord shall evict a tenant under either of the following circumstances: for nonpayment of rent if the tenant demonstrates that inability to pay rent arises out of a substantial decrease in household or business income (including but not limited to: a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; inability to work because their children were out of school; or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand); or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses and the decrease in household or business income; or the out-of-pocket medical expenses were caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented; or for a no-fault eviction unless necessary for the health and safety of tenants, neighbors, or the landlord. 
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing (text message or email) of their lost income and inability to pay rent, along with supportive documentation of that inability. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The repayment period is not addressed. Residents are responsible for all deferred rent.

Inglewood

Eviction

Emergency Ordinance No. 20-07

  • Action: Inglewood's ordinance establishes an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent due to any financial impact related to COVID-19 effective March 17, 2020 through May 31, 2020.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Financial impacts related to COVID19 include lost household income as a result of any of the following: being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; layoff, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses as a result of COVID-19 that equal or exceed ⅓ of the resident’s monthly rent payment; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing detailing their inability to cover the rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts and provide supporting documentation. Any dispute shall be resolved by a court of competent jurisdiction. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Grace period for payment not addressed.

  • Additional Commentary: The moratorium includes no-fault just cause evictions as defined in Inglewood Municipal Code section 8-120(5). 

La Verne

Eviction

Emergency Ordinance No. 1093 (Repealed by City Council Action)

  • Action: On March 24, 2020, the City Council adopted a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts via Emergency Ordinance No. 1093 through April 30, 2020. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A substantial decrease in the household or business income (including, but not limited to, a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand); or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses; and the decrease in household or business income or the out-of-pocket medical expenses described was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented.

  • Notification: The ordinance does not address house provider notification.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Nothing in this ordinance shall be construed to mean that the tenant will not still be obligated to pay lawfully charged rent. Tenants will have up to six months following the expiration of the local emergency declared by La Verne to repay any back due rent. 

  • Eviction Defense: Tenants may use the protections afforded in this ordinance as an affirmative defense in an unlawful detainer action.

Long Beach 

Eviction 

  • Eviction: On March 25, 2020, the City Council enacted an eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts.

  • Restrictions: The restrictions apply to rent due between March 4, 2020 and May 31, 2020. It also applies to notices to pay or quit served on or after March 4, 2020 but before March 25, 2020. It does not apply if an unlawful detainer was adjudicated or the resident moved out prior to March 25, 2020. Any 3-day notice to pay or quit dated between March 25th and March 31st must include the following, or substantially similar language: “The City of Long Beach has declared a state of emergency in response to COVID-19. If you cannot pay your rent due to loss of income or medical expenses resulting from COVID-19, you need to notify and provide supporting documentation to [your housing provider, owner, or agent of the owner] immediately. You may qualify for protections against eviction and you may have a right to delay your rent payment and to repay such delayed rent over a six-month period. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Residents must show the substantial decrease in income is due to COVID-19 related impacts, including, but not limited to, including, but not limited to, a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses; and the decrease in such household or business income or such out-of-pocket medical expenses was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state or federal government (including school districts) response to COVID-19, and is documented and communicated to the owner

  • Supportive Documentation: Residents are required to provide notice and supportive documentation before the expiration of a three-day notice to pay or quit. If the notice was served on or after March 4, 2020 but prior to the effective date of the ordinance, the resident can provide the notice and documentation any time prior to the final adjudication of an unlawful detainer proceeding. 

  • Notification: The ordinance does not address notice or documentation requirements by residents to property owners. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents have until November 30, 2020 to pay all accrued rent. The deferred rent is immediately payable if the resident fails to pay as it comes due after May 31, 2020.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The Long Beach City Council is considering using federal Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) money, typically reserved for low and moderate-income households, to fund a rental assistance program, but it could also use private and philanthropic sources to grow the pool of available money.

An implementation plan for the county’s program is not expected back before the middle of May. In Long Beach, the council did not set a date for when it expects back a report that could outline the city’s options.

Los Angeles City  

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Eviction: Effective March 31, 2020, Mayor Garcetti signed a City Council ordinance into law implementing an eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent and other specific lease violations through the duration of the Local Emergency period.

  • Definition of COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to a COVID-19 related workplace closure, childcare expenditures due to school closures, healthcare expenses related to being ill with or caring for a household member with COVID-19, or reasonable expenditures that stem from government-ordered emergency measures. 

  • Notification: The ordinance does not require residents to provide notice to their housing provider of an inability to pay rent due to COVID-19 or provide supporting documentation. However, the qualifying inability to pay serves as an affirmative defense to eviction for nonpayment. 

  • Repayment: The resident has 12-months after the end of the Local Emergency period to pay any rent deferred or accrued. Prior to the end of the Local Emergency or within 90 days of the first missed rent payment, the housing provider and resident may agree to a payment plan from a set of options offered by the City. 

  • Limitations on Other Charges: No late fees or interest may be charged on rent deferred during the Local Emergency Period. 

  • Other Prohibitions: The ordinance also prohibits the following while in effect.

    • No-fault evictions, meaning “any eviction for which the notice to terminate tenancy is not based on an alleged fault of the tenant.”

    • Removing any occupied units from the rental market through the Ellis Act. 

    • Evictions based on the presence of unauthorized occupants, pets or nuisance related to COVID-19.

Rent Freeze

Mayor Garcetti has implemented a rent freeze on all rent-controlled apartments effective March 30th. 

“Property owners shall not increase rents on occupied rental units subject to the Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Ordinance beginning on the date of this Order through sixty days after the expiration of the local emergency period. This Order suspends any conflicting provision of Chapter XV of the Los Angeles Municipal Code.” 

The Apartment Association of Greater Los Angeles (AAGLA) sent an action alert to members on April 1st explaining the rent freeze and eviction ordinances.

Los Angeles County 

Eviction 

LA County announced a temporary evictions moratorium on March 18, 2020 in unincorporated areas which are retroactive March, 2020. See the ordinance here.

Residents must demonstrate the inability to pay rent is due to a COVID-19 related financial impact and will have up to six months from the end of the state of emergency to pay any back rent accrued.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

On April 14, 2020, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors unanimously approved measures to create a rental assistance program.

The rent assistance fund will draw on CARES Act dollars from the federal government and will seek out other public and philanthropic sources, supervisors said. It could provide up to $1,000 per month for three months for renters who may be deciding between paying rent or buying food during a pandemic.

The effort is designed to cover renters around the county, including in some incorporated cities. 

Rent Freeze

On March 31, 2020, the Board of Supervisors enacted a rent freeze on residential property.

  • Scope: Applies only in the unincorporated areas of the County and only to units subject to the county’s rent stabilization ordinance (i.e. owners of multi-family housing with a certificate of occupancy issued before February 2, 1995.

  • Duration: For the duration of the eviction moratorium period.

  • Additional commentary: For a rent increase to be valid, it must have been in effect before March 4, 2020. Rent increase notices that took effect on or after March 5, 2020 are not valid and must be reserved once the rent freeze expires.

Malibu

Eviction 

On March 16, 2020, the City Council implemented an eviction moratorium ordinance through May 31, 2020, in accordance with Executive Order N-28-20.

Marin County 

Shelter in Place 

Effective Tuesday, March 31, 2020 Marin County issued a legal order directing their respective residents to shelter at home through Sunday, May 3, 2020. The order limits activity, travel and business functions to only the most essential needs.  Residential Facilities are deemed essential by the order under section f(xxiii) and therefore exempted from closure.

Effective Sunday, May 3, 2020, Marin County’s shelter in place order will be extended until Sunday, May 31, 2020. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:  

  • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and
  • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Eviction

Emergency Resolution

  • Action: On March 24, 2020, the Marin County Board of Supervisors approved an emergency resolution to prevent residents and business owners from being evicted because of a sudden loss of income tied to the COVID-19 pandemic. This ban is in effect countywide in every city, town, and the unincorporated area of Marin County and lasts until May 31, 2020, unless extended by the Board of Supervisors.

  • Notification: The resolution requires renters and leaseholders to notify their landlord within 30-days after the rent is due that they are unable to pay because of financial impacts related to COVID-19.

  • See more at the Community Development Agency section of the Marin County website.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The County of Marin has partnered with the Marin Community Foundation to create a $1 million local relief fund. A portion of these funds will be designated to the Emergency Rental Assistance Program being administered by the Marin Health and Human Services (HHS). This program is for people who are at risk of homelessness and need rental assistance to prevent eviction due to a loss of income from the COVID-19 pandemic. For anyone seeking assistance, please call (415) 473-7191 and leave a message with your name and contact, or email [email protected]. Additional information is available at www.housingfirst.marinhhs.org

Mission Viejo

Eviction

Urgency Ordinance 20-337

  • Eviction: The City Council has adopted Urgency Ordinance 20-337 effective March 21, 2020 through May 31, 2020. 

  • Restrictions: No housing provider can evict or serve a 3-day pay or quit notice to a resident for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts, as defined in section 1(h), or execute a no-fault eviction.

  • Late Fees and Other Charges: During this time, late fees or other charges may not be assessed. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing (email and text are defined as in writing) within 30-days after rent is due concerning lost income and inability to pay rent in full. Residents must also supply supporting documentation. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain financially responsible for unpaid rent accrued during this time period and must pay within six months of the expiration of the ordinance.

Monrovia

Eviction

  • Action: The City Council has adopted Urgency Ordinance No. 2020-04 effective March 31, 2020 for the duration of the local emergency unless amended or repealed earlier by the Council. 

  • Restrictions:  No housing provider can seek to evict a resident for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts. This includes serving a 3-day pay or quit notice or executing a no-fault eviction.

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing (email and text are defined as in writing) within 7 days after rent is due concerning lost income and inability to pay rent in full. Residents must also supply supporting documentation within 30-days of rent being due.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Definition of COVID-19 related financial impacts includes the following resulting from COVID-19:

    • Increased childcare costs;

    • Loss of income;

    • Layoffs;

    • Loss of hours;

    • Compliance with social distancing and stay at home guidelines;

    • Diagnosis of COVID-19 or caring for a household member diagnosed with COVID-19; or

    • Extraordinary out of pocket medical expenses related to diagnosis and testing for and/or treatment of COVID-19.  

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain financially responsible for unpaid rent accrued during this time period and must pay all rent outstanding within 6 months following the termination of the local emergency. In the meantime, residents must pay, in a timely fashion, any portion of the rent they are able to cover.

Monterey City

Eviction

City Council Urgency Ordinance

  • Action: On March 25, 2020, the City Council adopted an urgency ordinance implementing a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent effective through May 31, 2020 or the date the shelter in place order terminates, whichever is later. 

  • Restrictions: No housing provider can seek to evict a resident for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand, or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses; and the decrease in household or business income or the out-of-pocket medical expenses described was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented. 

  • Notification: Residents must contact their housing provider in writing before the day rent is due detailing the inability to pay connected to COVID-19. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain financially responsible for unpaid rent accrued during this time period and must pay all rent outstanding no later than 120 calendar days from May 31, 2020, or from the date that the Health Officer of the County of Monterey terminates its March 17, 2020 order that all non-essential persons shelter in their place of residence, whichever date is later.  In the meantime, residents must pay, in a timely fashion, any portion of rent they are able to cover.

Monterey County

Shelter in Place

Effective Friday, April 3, 2020 Marin County issued a legal order directing their respective residents to shelter at home through Sunday, May 3, 2020. The order limits activity, travel and business functions to only the most essential needs.  Residential Facilities are deemed essential by the order under section f(xxiv) and therefore exempted from closure.

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The Board of Supervisors has adopted Ordinance No. 5325 implementing a moratorium on evictions effective March 17, 2020 through May 31, 2020, unless extended. 

  • COVID-Related Financial Impact:  Housing providers may not evict for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts, including the following:

    • Substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs, reduction in work hours, reduction in business income from reductions in operating hours or consumer demand; or

    • Out of pocket medical expenses.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain financially obligated to pay rent accrued during this time period.

Moorpark

Eviction

Executive Order No. 20-01

  • Action: The Director of Disaster Services has issued Executive Order No. 20-01 implementing a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent for residents impacted financially by COVID-19 effective March 19, 2020 until the period of local emergency concludes, or May 31, 2020, whichever date is sooner. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: COVID-19 related financial impacts include, but are not limited to, substantial decrease in household or business income caused by layoffs, reduction in work hours, reduction in opening hours or consumer demand, substantial out of pocket medical expenses, or income lost due to government response or following government guidelines, and is documented. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing (email and text are defined as in writing) within 30-days after rent is due concerning lost income and inability to pay rent in full. Residents must also supply supporting documentation. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain financially responsible for unpaid rent accrued during this time period and must pay within six months of the expiration of the ordinance. During this time, late fees or other charges may not be assessed.

Mountain View

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: In response to the COVID-19 Pandemic, the Mountain View City Council enacted a temporary eviction moratorium suspending residential evictions for non-payment of rent due to related financial impacts. The ordinance is effective March 27, 2020 through May 31, 2020 and is subject to extension as approved by the City Council. The eviction moratorium is applicable for all residential rental units in Mountain View including single-family homes, condos/townhomes, duplexes, apartments, mobile homes and mobile home spaces and other types of residential rental units.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: In order to qualify, a resident must experience a significant decrease in income connected to COVID-19, such as job loss or layoff; business, store or restaurant closure, reduction in work hours, substantial decrease in business hours; need to care for homebound children or sick family members; Federal, State, or local actions that prevent a resident from working, or; substantial out of pocket medical expenses. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing (via text, email, and or letter) within 7 days after rent is due. They also must provide supporting documentation within 14 days after rent is due. Such documentation may include, but is not limited to: letters from employers; Paycheck stubs documenting income before and after impact; Bank statements providing the same; or letters or notifications from schools.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: After the moratorium ends, residents have 120-days to pay back rent accrued during this period. Housing providers and residents are strongly encouraged to contact the Mountain View Mediation Program to negotiate repayment plans. 

  • The text of the ordinance can be found here.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

On March 17, 2020, the Mountain View City Council voted unanimously to create additional financial assistance for residents impacted by COVID-19. The Mountain View Rent Relief Fund provides up to $3,000 per month for up to 2 months for Mountain View tenants who qualify. The Program is administered through the Community Services Agency (CSA). Visit the City of Mountain View’s COVID-19 Relief Resources Page or contact CSA via email at [email protected] or call (650) 968-0836 to learn more.

Nevada County

Eviction

Resolution No. 20-101

  • Action: The Board of Supervisors has approved Resolution No. 20-101, implementing a temporary moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent through May 31, 2020.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Basis of nonpayment of rent must arise out of substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs, reductions in compensable hours of work, decrease in business income, or substantial out of pocket medical expenses due to COVID-19. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain financially obligated to pay rent. Repayment and notification of housing providers is not addressed by the resolution.

Oakland

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council passed an eviction moratorium and established rent increase limits on properties subjects to Oakland’s rent control law effective March 27, 2020.

  • Scope: The ordinance applies to the following: rent that came during the Local Emergency declared on March 9, 2020; termination notices that were served or expired during the Local Emergency; and unlawful detainer complaints filed or served during the Local Emergency. 

  • Restrictions: Residents may not be evicted except for instances where an imminent threat to the health or safety of other occupants of the property are at risk and such threat is stated in the notice as the grounds for eviction. This section is in effect until May 31, 2020, unless extended. 

  • Rent: Rent increases for rent controlled units in excess of the CPI Rent Adjustment are void. 

  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: Late fees may not be imposed. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent due during the Local Emergency period. “It shall be a defense that the unpaid rent became due during the Local Emergency and was unpaid because of a substantial reduction in household income or substantial increase in expenses resulting from the Coronavirus pandemic. This includes, but is not limited to, where, as a result of the Coronavirus pandemic, the tenant suffered a loss of employment or a reduction in hours, or was unable to work because their children were out of school, or was unable to work because they were sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member who was sick with COVID-19, or they were complying with a recommendation from a government agency to self-quarantine, or they incurred substantial out of pocket medical expenses due to COVID-19.”

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain financially liable for rent accrued during this period. The ordinance does not specify a date for repayment. The Ordinance encourages landlords to work with local agencies that will be making rental assistance available for qualifying residents and authorizes the City Administrator to issue regulations, including guidelines for repayment of accrued rent. 

  • Notification: The ordinance does not specify a form of notice or documentation. The resident will be required to prove their eligibility for protections in court. 

Rent Freeze

On March 27, 2020, the City Council passed an ordinance establishing an eviction moratorium and rent freeze.

  • Scope: Applies to units subject to Oakland’s Rent Stabilization Ordinance. Rent increases above CPI (3.5% until June 30, 2020), except where necessary to get a fair rate of return.

  • Duration: Through May 31, 2020, unless extended.

Ojai

Eviction

Executive Order No. 20-01

  • Eviction: The City Council enacted Executive Order No. 20-01 that establishes an eviction moratorium for the City effective during the local emergency period. 

  • Restrictions: The order states that no landlord shall evict a residential tenant in Ojai during this local emergency period if the tenant is able to show an inability to pay rent due to circumstances related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Tenants will have up to 6 months following the expiration of the local emergency period to repay any back due rent and may use the order as an affirmative defense in an unlawful detainer action.

Oxnard

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Eviction: The city council voted to enact a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent effective March 19, 2020 through May 31, 2020, unless the Governor’s Executive Order (N-28-20) is extended or the city passes an ordinance or issues an order extending the moratorium. 

  • Definition of COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: Substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, loss of income caused by layoffs, reduction in work hours, decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out of pocket medical expenses; provided that, the Financial Impact was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented. 

  • Notification: The notice must be in writing (including text or email) and include documentation to support the claim. Specific types of acceptable documentation are not specified. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The ordinance does not outline a deadline for repayment after the moratorium concludes.

Palm Springs

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Eviction: Palm Springs City Council passed an eviction moratorium set to expire on May 31, 2020, unless extended by the City Council or Director of Emergency Services. “Notwithstanding the foregoing, and in order to prevent inconsistencies, the Director of Emergency Services may suspend the effectiveness of this ordinance in the event that the President of the United States, Congress, Governor of the State of California, or California State Legislature adopts an order or legislation that similarly prohibits evictions for failure to pay rent by individuals impacted by the COVID-19 crisis.”

  • Scope: The ordinance implements “a moratorium on evictions for failure to pay rent during this emergency period, if the tenant demonstrates that the tenant is unable to pay rent due to financial impacts related to COVID-19. 

  • Definition of COVID-19 Related Impacts: “Financial impacts related to COVID-19" include, but are not limited to, Resident lost household income as a result of any of the following: being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19. 

  • Notification: Under the proposed ordinance, a landlord knows of a tenant's inability to pay rent for the covered reasons if the tenant, within 30-days after the date that rent is due, notifies the landlord in writing of lost income and inability to pay full rent due to financial impacts related to COVID-19, and provides documentation to support the claim. Notification "in writing" includes email or text communications to a landlord or the landlord's representative with whom the tenant has previously corresponded by email or text. Any medical or financial information provided to the landlord shall be held in confidence, and only used for evaluating the tenant's claim.”

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are still liable for rent over this period and must pay the accrued amount within 6 months after the expiration of the local emergency. 

  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: Late fees and interest may not be charged.

Palo Alto

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Eviction: The City Council passed a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent on March 23, 2020. 

  • Scope: The ordinance prohibits evictions of residential tenants for nonpayment of full rent due to substantial income loss related to COVID-19. This moratorium would remain in effect for the duration of the local public health emergency proclaimed by the County. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Residents are required to document the COVID-19 related income loss to their landlord to avail themselves of the ordinances’ protections. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain responsible for payment of the rent once they are able to pay or after the end of the local public health emergency. They have 120-days from the end of the state of emergency to make full payment of the back rent.

Pasadena 

State of Emergency

City Manager Steve Marmell announced a state of emergency on March 16th, allowing more sweeping powers than the public health emergency declaration declared weeks before. 

Eviction

The City Council passed an eviction moratorium on March 17, 2020. Officials also waived all late fees and penalties for utility bills.

Placentia

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 24, 2020, the City Council established a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent effective through May 31, 2020. Not applicable to any instances of nonpayment of rent prior to the Governor’s March 4, 2020 emergency declaration. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: Substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, loss of income caused by layoffs, reduction in work hours, decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out of pocket medical expenses; provided that, the Financial Impact was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented. 

  • Notification of Housing Provider: Residents required to provide notification and supporting documentation in writing (Email or text communication) within 30-days after rent is due detailing COVID-19 related financial impacts. 

  • Repayment: Resident liable for any unpaid rent accrued during this period and must pay it as soon as possible and no later than 120-days after the expiration of the ordinance. 

  • Late Fees: Late fees may not be charged.

Pomona

Eviction

Executive Order

  • Action: On March 19, 2020, the Director of Emergency Services issued an executive order implementing a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent through May 31, 2020.

  • Scope: Non-payment of rent due to COVID-19 related financial hardship. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, loss of income caused by layoffs, reduction in work hours, decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand); compliance with government guidance to self-quarantine or social distance during the state of emergency; or substantial out of pocket medical expenses; provided that the financial impact was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify housing providers in writing (email or text acceptable) within 30-days of rent being due of the inability to pay the full amount due to COVID-19 and provide supportive documentation.

  • Supportive Documentation: Examples of supportive documentation include:

    • COVID-19 positive result documentation;

    • Letter, email, texts related to lay-off, loss of hours or other income reduction;

    • Health authority communication about the recommendation to stay home, self-quarantine;

    • Medical bills; or

    • Receipts/invoices of child-care costs.

Rancho Cucamonga

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council passed an ordinance on March 18, 2020, establishing an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent. 

  • Duration: Through May 31, 2020, or until the Local Emergency ends, whichever is sooner. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, loss of income caused by layoffs, reduction in work hours, decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand); compliance with government guidance to self-quarantine or social distance during the state of emergency; or substantial out of pocket medical expenses; provided that the financial impact was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented.

  • Notification: Residents must notify housing providers in writing (email or text acceptable) within 30-days of rent being due of the inability to pay the full amount due to COVID-19 and provide supportive documentation. Specific types of acceptable documentation are not specified. 

  • Repayment: Six months from the end of the local emergency. 

  • Late Fee Moratorium: A housing provider may charge or collect a late fee for accrued rent that is unpaid after that six months.

Redlands 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 31, 2020, the city council implemented a 6-month eviction moratorium.

  • Notification: To qualify, tenants must notify their landlord within seven days of the rent being due. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The tenant and landlord are encouraged to work out a payment plan, with both commercial and residential tenants required to pay back the full amount within six months of the end of the local emergency.

Redwood City

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

Per The Daily Journal, the Redwood City Council boosted its short-term rental transient occupancy tax.

The tax rise on short-term rentals is slated to bring $150,000 to the city’s $400,000 emergency housing assistance program which supports renters facing delinquent rent and utility payments.

Richmond

Eviction

Emergency Order

  • Action: The Director of Emergency Services issued an order, effective March 17, 2020, which implements a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent and no-fault during the period of local emergency. 

  • COVID-19 Related Impacts:  Lost household income as a result of any of the following:

    • Being sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19;

    • Lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19;

    • Compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency;

    • Extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or

    • Childcare needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.

  • Notification: Residents have within 30-days after rent is due to notify the Housing Provider in writing (including email or text) of lost income and inability to pay full rent due to financial impacts related to COVID-19 and provide supportive documentation. 

  • Repayment: Qualifying residents have within six months of the expiration of the local emergency to pay any accrued rent.

  • Late Fee Moratorium: Housing providers may not charge or collect a late fee for rent deferred due to COVID-19 related financial impacts. 

  • See the City’s FAQ for more information.

Riverside

Eviction

City Council Resolution

  • Action: On March 31, 2020, the Riverside City Council adopted a resolution establishing a temporary 60-day moratorium on evictions due to nonpayment of residential and commercial rent for those whose income was directly and negatively impacted by COVID-19. This moratorium will be reviewed for termination or extension by the City Council on May 31, 2020.

  • COVID-19 Related Impacts: The resolution does not include such a definition. 

  • Notification: The resident must notify their housing provider before the day rent is due detailing the “circumstances surrounding their inability to pay the entire rent.” If able, the resident should try to pay a portion of their monthly rent. 

  • Repayment: the resident and housing provider should work out a payment plan spanning a minimum of four months after the repeal of the Local Emergency.

  • Late Fee Moratorium: No late fees may be charged on late rent. 

  • See a copy of the Resolution here.

Rosemead

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 24, 2020, the City Council passed and adopted an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent through May 31, 2020. Should the Governor extend Executive Order N-28-20, this ordinance will continue automatically through the date of the Governor’s extension. 

  • Scope: In response to COVID-19, no landlord shall endeavor to evict a tenant for nonpayment of rent if the tenant demonstrates that the tenant is unable to pay rent due to Financial Impacts related to COVID-19.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: “Financial Impacts related to COVID-19” (“Financial Impact”) include nonpayment of rent, arising out of a substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses, or a Tenant’s lost household income as a result of caring for minor children affected by the school, pre-school and/or childcare closures; provided that, the Financial Impact was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented.”

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing within 30 days after rent is due in writing of their inability to cover rent due to COVID-19 and provide supporting documentation. In writing is defined as email or text communications. 

  • Repayment: Residents have six months from the date this ordinance expires or May 31, 2020, whichever is later. If the resident has not paid accrued rent by that time, the resident is in default. 

  • Late Fee Moratorium: Housing providers may not charge or collect a late fee or equivalent surcharge for any rent payments unpaid due to COVID-19 related financial impacts.

Sacramento

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council approved an eviction moratorium on March 18, 2020 due to the impacts of COVID-19. The city also included a temporary waiver of penalties on delinquent utility charges. The moratorium is effective from March 17, 2020 through the end of the local public health emergency declared on March 5, 2020. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: “Covered reason for delayed payment” means a tenant’s loss of income due to any of the following: tenant was sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; tenant experienced a lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from COVID-19 or the state of emergency; tenant’s compliance with a recommendation from a government agency to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; and tenant’s need to miss work to care for a home-bound school age child.

  • Notification: The resident is required to provide written notice before rent is due and provide “verifiable documentation” (left undefined).

  • Repayment: The resident has 120-days after the local state of emergency ends to repay rent. During that time, the resident is protected from eviction without “just cause.” 

  • Late Fee Moratorium: Residents may not be charged late fees on deferred rent.

Sacramento County

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The Board of Supervisors adopted a resolution on March 24, 2020 implementing a temporary moratorium on evictions for non-payment of rent. The resolution will be in effect through the remainder of the local emergency. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: Loss of income due to being sick with or caring for a household or family member who has COVID-19; layoffs, loss of hours, or other income reduction; compliance with government recommendations to stay at home, self-quarantine, or social distance during the state of emergency; a need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing before the date rent is due outlining a COVID-19 related financial hardship, along with verifiable supportive documentation.

  • Repayment: Residents will have 120-days after the expiration of the Governor’s Executive Order N-28-20, including any extensions, to pay all deferred rent. 

  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: Late fees are not addressed in this resolution.

San Bernardino 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Manager issued an executive order on March 20, 2020, implementing a moratorium on issuing eviction notices and unlawful detainer actions for nonpayment of rent for the duration of the local emergency.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: “Resident lost household income as a result of any of the following: being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or [social distance] during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.”

  • Notification: The resident is required to provide notice within 30 days after the date rent is due. The notice of inability to pay and supporting documentation must be in writing (including text or email). Acceptable documentation is not defined. 

  • Repayment: Deadline is six months after termination of the local emergency. 

  • Late Fee Restrictions: Late fees may not be charged or collected for rent subject to the order.

San Bernardino County 

Shelter in Place

Effective Friday, April 3, 2020 San Benito County issued a legal order directing their respective residents to shelter at home through Sunday, May 3, 2020. The order limits activity, travel and business functions to only the most essential needs. Residential Facilities are deemed essential by the order under section f(xxiii) and therefore exempted from closure. Residents will be expected to follow state-issued stay at home guidance upon expiration of the local order.

Eviction

City Council Resolution

  • Action: The Board of Supervisors on March 24, 2020, passed a resolution placing a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial decrease in household income or business income caused by layoffs, a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, a reduction in business hours or consumer demand, substantial out of pocket medical expenses caused by COVID-19 or any local, state, or federal response to COVID-19 and is documented. 

  • Notification: Not addressed by the resolution. 

  • Repayment: Residents are still financially responsible for rent under their lease, but repayment of rent accrued during this period is not addressed by the resolution. 

  • Late Fee Restrictions: Late fees not addressed.

San Benito County

Shelter in Place

A “Shelter in Place” order is currently in effect in San Benito County. Please note this order may affect your ability to collect rent payments in person, perform maintenance and inspections, or conduct property tours.

San Diego

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The San Diego City Council voted March 17, 2020 to support a temporary moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent and no fault, effective March 12, 2020. The moratorium is in effect for either the duration of the Mayor’s Local Emergency Declaration or the rescinding of the Governor’s March 16, 2020 order regarding evictions, whichever comes first. The City may also extend the moratorium. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: “A substantial decrease in household income for a residential tenant, or in business income for a commercial tenant, due to business closure, loss of compensable hours of work or wages, layoffs, or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses. A financial impact is ‘related to COVID-19’ if it is caused by the COVID-19 pandemic or any governmental response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including complying with any public health orders or recommended guidance related to COVID-19 from local, state, or federal governmental authorities.”

  • Notification: The resident must provide written notice of the inability to pay due to COVID-19 on or before the day rent is due. Within one week after providing that notice, the resident must provide supporting documentation or “objectively verifiable information.”

  • Repayment: Residents have six months after the end of the effective date of the ordinance or the withdrawal of the Governor’s March 16, 2020 order, whichever comes first.

San Francisco 

Shelter in Place

Effective Sunday, May 3, 2020, San Francisco’s shelter in place order will be extended until Sunday, May 31, 2020. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:

  • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and

  • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Eviction

Executive Action

  • Action: Per the Mayor’s office, Mayor London Breed on Friday, March 13, 2020 announced a moratorium on residential evictions related to financial impacts caused by COVID-19 for both the city and county.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: The moratorium will prevent any resident from being evicted due to a loss of income related to a business closure, loss of hours or wages, layoffs, or out-of-pocket medical costs caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The Mayor issued this moratorium under the powers of the Local Emergency she declared on February 25, 2020.

  • Notification: Residents struggling to meet their monetary lease obligations due to COVID-19 must notify their landlords in writing within 30-days of the rent being due. Within seven days of providing notice, residents must substantiate their inability to pay rent with documentation or other objective information even if they haven’t received a late notice for each rent payment they miss while the order is in effect.  

  • Repayment: Residents will have up to six months after the termination of the emergency declaration to repay any back due rent.

Rent Freeze

On April 24, 2020, Mayor London Breed Signed emergency legislation passed by the Board of Supervisors that temporarily prohibits certain rent increases during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Scope: The temporary rent freeze applies to all rent increases that are effective between April 7, 2020 and June 23, 2020 (unless extended), even if the increase notice itself was served before April 7, 2020. However, rent increases or passthroughs that went into effect prior to April 7, 2020 are not affected.

  • Exceptions: Rent increases for properties exempt from local rent control regulations (See the Rent Board’s Info-To-Go topics or call our counselor line for more information); increases permitted by state law, such as an increase based on the Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act or the Tenant Protection Act of 2019; increases authorized by Rent Board Rules and Regulations Section 1.21, where the Rent Board has determined that there is no “tenant in occupancy” of the rental unit.  

  • Duration: Through June 24, 2020, unless extended.

San Joaquin County

Eviction

  • Action: On March 24, 2020, the Board of Supervisors passed an ordinance suspending evictions for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 through May 31, 2020. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact:  “A substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses; and the decrease in household or business income or the out-of-pocket medical expenses describe in subparagraph (a) was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID19, and is documented.”

  • Notification: Not addressed. 

  • Repayment: Not addressed.

San Jose 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council has passed an eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent effective March 17, 2020 through June 30, 2020, pending extension. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A loss of income through their employment as a result of any of the following: job loss; a reduction in compensated hours of work; employer’s business closure; missing work due to a minor child’s school closure; or other similarly caused reason resulting in a loss of income due to COVID-19. 

  • Notification: Residents have until the expiration of a 3-day notice to pay or quit to give notice to their housing provider. Providing written notice is recommended but not required by the City. Written supportive documentation or objectively verifiable proof of an inability to pay is required. Examples include employer paycheck stubs, bank statements, or an employer letter citing COVID-19 as reason for reduced hours of termination. 

  • Repayment: The ordinance does not establish guidelines for this. Once the moratorium ends, an owner can evict for non-payment. Be advised that Santa Clara County has also adopted an ordinance that prohibits evictions for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 that applies to all cities and unincorporated areas of the county.

Rent Freeze

On April 28, 2020, the City Council enacted a rent freeze on properties covered by the city’s rent stabilization ordinance.

  • Scope: Apartment buildings covered by the Apartment Rent Ordinance (ARO), which are buildings with three or more units that were built before September 1979, and mobile home parks covered by the Mobile Home Rent Ordinance (MHRO), which are parks established before September 1979.

  • Duration: Through January 1, 2021.

  • Additional Commentary:  The moratorium ordinance offers some important benefits for property owners, including the following:

    • ARO and MHRO landlords who voluntarily reduce rents during the COVID-19 pandemic are allowed to increase their rents back to the original contract rates during the moratorium;

    • Late charges are suspended through FY 2020-2021 for ARO landlords who pay their ARO fees late;

    • Tenants are prohibited from making service-reduction claims for the closure of recreational common areas at ARO properties during the moratorium.

San Leandro

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: An eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent is in effect through May 31, 2020. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: income loss caused by COVID-19 illness or caring for a household or family member with COVID-19 illness, work closures, layoffs, job loss, a reduction in the number of compensable hours or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19, missing work due to a minor child’s school or daycare closure, compliance with government health authority orders, or other similarly-caused reason resulting in loss of household income due to COVID-19, substantiated with written documentation or other objectively verifiable proof of same.

  • Notification: Within 30 days after the date rent is due, residents must notify their housing provider of their inability to pay full rent due to decreases in household income due to COVID-19. 

  • Repayment: Residents are still responsible for rent and must repay any that has accrued within 90-days of the expiration of this ordinance. 

  • Late Fees: None may be charged on rent deferred over this time period.

San Luis Obispo 

Eviction 

Executive Order

  • Action: County Emergency Services Director Wade Horton issued an executive order on March 18, 2020, suspending evictions for nonpayment of rent and no-fault. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Lost household income as a result of any of the following:

    • Being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19;

    • Layoff, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; 

    • Compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency;

    • Extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses related to COVID-19; or 

    • Child-care needs arising from school closures related COVID-19. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing (including text and email) detailing an inability to pay due to financial impacts of COVID-19 within 30 days after the rent is due. 

  • Repayment: Residents have to repay any deferred rent within six months of the expiration of the local emergency.

San Mateo County 

Shelter in Place

Effective Sunday, May 3, 2020, San Mateo County’s shelter in place order will be extended until Sunday, May 31, 2020. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:

  • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and 

  • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council approved an eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 and no-fault effective March 24, 2020 through May 31, 2020, unless extended. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact:  A tenant lost household income as a result of being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; a tenant lost household income as a result of a lay-off, loss of hours, loss of business, or other income reduction resulting from COVID-19 or the federal, state or local government response to COVID-19; a tenant lost household income due to compliance with the Shelter-in-Place Order or a recommendation from a government agency to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others until the termination date; a tenant lost household income as a result of caring for minor children affected by school, pre-school and/or childcare closures until the termination date; a tenant or a member of tenant’s household incurred substantial medical costs related to COVID-19; and a tenant suffered any other substantial financial hardship caused directly by COVID-19 or the governmental response to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

  • Housing Provider Notice Requirement: Housing providers are required to serve a specific notice to a resident upon failure to make a rent payment when due before serving an eviction notice or filing an unlawful detainer. 

  • Resident Notice Requirement: Residents have 14-days after receipt of notice from the housing provider to provide written notice and documentation of inability to pay due to COVID-19. Later notices from the resident may be deemed reasonable, depending on the circumstances. 

  • Payment of Rent: The resident must pay the full amount in 90-days if able, with 30-day extensions available up to 180-days. At that point if rent is not paid the resident is deemed in default.

Santa Ana

Eviction

Executive Order

  • Action: The Director of Emergency Services issued an Executive Order implementing an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Lost household income as a result of any of the following:

    • Being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19;

    • Layoff, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; 

    • Compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency;

    • Extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses related to COVID-19; or 

    • Child-care needs arising from school closures related COVID-19.

  • Notification: The resident is required to provide notice in writing (including text and email) to their housing provider within 30 days after the rent is due of their inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19. The nature of acceptable documentation is not defined. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Deadline is six months after termination of the local emergency. 

  • Late Fee Limitations: Late fees may not be charged or collected for rent subject to the order.

Rent Freeze

On April 7, 2020, the City Council adopted an ordinance establishing a rent freeze for all residential properties in the City until Executive Order N-28-20 is rescinded by the Governor. 

Santa Barbara

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council adopted an ordinance implementing an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 through May 31, 2020. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A substantial decrease in household income as a result of any of the following:

    • Being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19;

    • Lay-off, loss of compensable work hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19;

    • Compliance with an order or recommendation from a government authority to stay home, self-isolate or quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; 

    • Extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses as a result of COVID-19; or

    • Child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID19. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify the property owner or manager in writing (including email) of inability to pay full rent due to significant reduction in household income resulting from COVID-19 related impacts. Notification must include supporting documentation. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Rent accrued during this period remains the obligation of the resident. No timeline is detailed by the ordinance. 

  • Additional Commentary: Residents may request an extension of their lease on the same terms through the expiration date of the ordinance.

Santa Barbara County

Eviction

Board of Supervisors Ordinance

  • Action: The County Board of Supervisors passed an eviction moratorium for nonpayment of rent cases through May 31, 2020. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income resulting from job loss, layoffs, reduction in compensable hours or work, business closure, reduction in operational business hours or consumer demand, caring for home-bound school-age children or family member infected with COVID-19, substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses due to COVID-19, or other similarly-caused loss of income resulting from the pandemic. 

  • Notification: Not addressed.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are still responsible for deferred rent but no timeline for payment is outlined.

Santa Clara County

Shelter in Place

Effective Sunday, May 3, 2020, Santa Clara County’s shelter in place order will be extended until Sunday, May 31, 2020. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:

  • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and

  • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Eviction

Board of Supervisors Ordinance

  • Action: The Board of Supervisors enacted an eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 effective March 24, 2020 through August 31, 2020.

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income from: job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office, or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a homebound school-age child or a family member infected with coronavirus; or other similarly-caused loss of income, where the conditions listed in through resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic or related guidance or public health orders from local, State, or federal authorities; or Substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses for themselves or their immediate family members related to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

  • Notification: The ordinance does not specify a deadline for notifying housing providers concerning an inability to pay full rent. It only provides that residents may provide documentation of lost income or out-of-pocket medical expenses at any time prior to the execution of a judgment for possession to stop such an eviction from moving forward. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: A qualifying resident has 120-days from the expiration of the ordinance to pay all accrued rent. 

  • Late Fee Limitations: Late fees may not be assessed during the effective time period of the ordinance or for the 120-day period thereafter. 

  • Additional Commentary: Be advised San Jose, Mountain View, and Paolo Alto are cities within the county with their own eviction limitations in place. Please consult an attorney to determine which provisions apply to your property.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

A coalition of nonprofits and major employers in Santa Clara County announced an $11 million fund to cover rent and other basic needs for low-income families who have lost income as a result of the coronavirus, either due to health care costs or lost work. 

The details are as follows:

  • Assistance per household: Up to $4,000/month;

  • Eligibility: 80% of the Area Median Income (AMI), resident of Santa Clara County;

  • Best contact: Community Services Agency (CSA) of Mountain View and Los Altos, 650-968-0836 or [email protected].

The $11 million fund at the county level, dubbed the COVID-19 financial assistance program, is being run by the organization Destination: Home, which is currently directing interested residents to Sacred Heart Community Service in San Jose.

Santa Cruz

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: An eviction moratorium is in effect for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 through May 31, 2020. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income from job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office, or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child or a family member infected with coronavirus; or other similarly-caused loss of income that resulted from the pandemic; or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses related to the pandemic. 

  • Notification: Not addressed. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are still obligated to pay rent under the lease agreement. Agreements may be negotiated that identify a set timeline for unpaid rent, which may extend for up to six months. Residents must pay whatever portion of the rent they can cover each month of the moratorium period.

Santa Cruz County

Shelter in Place 

Effective Friday, May 1, 2020, Santa Cruz County’s shelter in place order will be extended until rescinded, superseded or amended. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:

  • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and

  • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Eviction 

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: An eviction moratorium is in effect March 24, 2020 through May 31, 2020, for nonpayment of rent cases due to COVID-19.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income from job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office, or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child or a family member infected with coronavirus; or other similarly-caused loss of income that resulted from the pandemic; or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses related to the pandemic. 

  • Notification: Not addressed. Section 8.48.030 may be used as an affirmative defense to the eviction. 

  • Repayment: Not addressed. Residents are still financially obligated to pay rent during this period.

Santa Monica

Local Emergency

The city is under a local emergency proclamation.

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: City Manager Rick Cole signed an executive order as a supplement to the emergency proclamation effective immediately prohibiting housing providers from evicting residents for nonpayment of rent if inability to pay is caused by COVID-19 related impacts. On April 8, 2020, the City expanded the ordinance through May 31, 2020, and added several provisions:

    • Housing providers must provide tenants with notice of the eviction moratorium at their property or through mail (email) to residents. They must also provide a copy of the moratorium if they file an unlawful detainer action in court. 

    • No-fault evictions are now covered by the eviction moratorium.

    • Refusing entry to the unit is now covered, unless the housing provider seeks to repair a condition that endangers or impairs the health and safety of other residents, people in the vicinity of the premises, or a condition that could cause substantial damage to the property. 

    • Unauthorized occupants or their pets or nuisance related to COVID-19 are conditions covered by the moratorium. 

    • A housing provider may not evict a resident for deferred rent if they have already obtained compensation for the unpaid rent through federal or state government relief funds or other programs that provide such compensation. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: Loss of income due to one of the following: being sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member sick with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.

  • Notification: Residents must notify housing providers within 30 days after rent is due in writing (email or text) of lost income and inability to pay rent due to COVID-19, and provide supporting documentation

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are still financially responsible for rent during this time and must pay all deferred rent within 6 months of the expiration of the local emergency. 

  • Additional Commentary: The Ordinance prevents the removal of any residential unit from the market through the Ellis Act. The order also suspends the discontinuation or shut off of water service for residents and businesses in the city for nonpayment of water and sewer and associated fees. 

Scotts Valley

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: An eviction moratorium is in effect through May 31, 2020, on cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income from: job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a homebound school-aged child or family member infected with the coronavirus; other similarly caused loss of income that resulted from COVID-19; or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses related to COVID-19. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider before rent is due in writing (email and text) detailed their inability to pay rent due to COVID-19, provide verifiable documentation, and pay whatever portion of rent they can cover. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Qualifying residents have 120-days after the termination of the ordinance to pay all rent accrued during the moratorium period.

  • Additional Commentary: Evictions for reasons other than nonpayment of rent are allowed under the ordinance.

Shasta County

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: An eviction moratorium is in effect through May 31, 2020, for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income from: job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a homebound school-aged child or family member infected with the coronavirus; other similarly caused loss of income that resulted from COVID-19; or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses related to COVID-19. 

  • Notification: Not addressed.

  • Repayment: Not addressed. Residents are still financially responsible for all rent accrued during the moratorium period. 

  • Additional Commentary: Section 8.65.030 of the ordinance, which establishes the moratorium, may be used as an affirmative defense to the eviction.

Simi Valley

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: A moratorium on eviction for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 is in effect through May 31, 2020, unless Executive Order N-28-20 is extended by the Governor. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: "Financial impacts related to COVID-19" ("Financial Impacts") include nonpayment of rent, or a foreclosure, arising out of a substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses; provided that, the Financial Impacts were caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented. 

  • Notification: Residents have 30 days from the date rent is due to notify or make reasonable efforts to notify their housing provider in writing (email or text included) detailing lost income and inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are financially responsible for rent accrued during this period, but no timetable for payment of deferred rent is established by the ordinance.

Sonoma County

Shelter in Place 

Effective Monday, May 4, 2020, Sonoma County’s shelter in place order will be extended until rescinded, superseded or amended. The following activities may resume, so long as social distancing requirements are followed:

  • All construction projects that follow the Construction Project Safety Protocols included with the order; and

  • All real estate transactions, with restrictions on open houses and limited tours.

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: An eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 is in effect from March 24, 2020, through 60 days after the expiration of the local emergency 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: “Substantial loss of income from job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office, or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child or a family member infected with coronavirus; other similarly-caused loss of income that resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic; or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses that resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic.”

  • Notification: The ordinance does not specify a deadline for residents to notify their housing provider of an inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19. It does provide that documentation of such inability to pay due to COVID-19, which is not described, may be used as a defense to eviction actions. Specifically, supporting documentation can be provided after service of an eviction notice to stop a housing provider from pursuing an unlawful detainer action, or if an eviction action is underway, used as an affirmative defense. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Qualifying residents have 60 days from the end of the local emergency to pay all past due rent.

South Pasadena

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 18, 2020, the City Council passed an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19. Housing providers may not issue nonpayment eviction notices, no fault eviction notices, or pursue unlawful detainer actions based on such notices, served or filed on or after the date of the resolution. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Lost income as a result of any of the following: being sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; compliance with a requirement from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child-care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19. 

  • Notification: Residents are not required to notify housing providers of an inability to pay full rent. Qualifying residents may use section 9 of the resolution as an affirmative defense to eviction. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are still financially responsible for rent under the lease agreement and have up to six months from the expiration of the local emergency period to repay any rent accrued during the moratorium period.

Stockton

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: At a special emergency meeting on March 17, 2020, the City Council unanimously passed a temporary moratorium on evictions in line with Governor Gavin Newsom’s guidelines for local eviction moratoria set forth in Executive Order N-28-20

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: “Affected Tenant” shall mean a Tenant or Tenant Household, Mobile home Resident, or Mobile home Owner, whose is over the age of 65, has a compromised immune system, heart disease, diabetes, or other serious and chronic medical condition that affects the respiratory system, or has, as a result of COVID-19 pandemic, or declaration of the County Public Health Officer, or other local, State or Federal Authority, suffered a substantial loss in income through their employment as a result of any of the following: job loss; a reduction of compensated hours of work; employer’s business closure; missing work due to a minor child’s school closure; or other similarly-caused reason resulting in a loss of income due to COVID-19 and who is unable to pay rent as a result thereof and has provided their landlord with documentation or other objectively verifiable proof of the same.

  • Notification: The ordinance does not specify a deadline for the resident to provide notice. If the resident qualifies for the moratorium and has provided the appropriate documentation or proof, the resident may not be evicted during the effective period of the ordinance. Examples of appropriate documentation include:

    • A letter from employer citing COVID-19 as a reason for reduced work hours or termination; 

    • Employer paycheck stubs; 

    • Notification from a school declaring a school closure related to COVID-19;

    • California Driver License or other documentation of date of birth (if over 65); or

    • A letter or other document provided by a physician that documents an applicable medical condition.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The ordinance does not provide an extended deadline for repayment after the moratorium ends.

Temple City

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 31, 2020, the City Council passed an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent if the resident demonstrates an inability to pay due to COVID-19 through May 31, 2020, unless extended. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: All residential and commercial tenants in Temple City are protected under this ordinance if a loss of income due to COVID-19 is impacting the payment of rent, including as a result of: 

    • A layoff, loss of hours or other income reduction;

    • Substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses;

    • Care for a homebound school-aged child; or

    • Compliance with mandates to stay at home, self-quarantine or avoid congregating with others.

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing providers in writing as soon as possible, or within 7 days after rent is due of financial hardship due to COVID-19. Sufficient documentation must be included to support your loss-of-income claim—for example, a termination or layoff notice, a supervisor’s statement of a reduction of business, or copies of your last four payroll checks. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent:  Residents have within 6 months of the expiration of the ordinance to pay all outstanding rent. They are encouraged to agree to a payment plan with their housing provider. 

  • Late Fees and Other Charges: The ordinance prohibits assessing late fees or similar surcharges.  

  • Additional Commentary: Housing providers may move forward with evictions for illegal activities. 

Union City

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 24, 2020, the City Council adopted a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 financial hardship through May 31, 2020, or the expiration of the local emergency or the Governor’s State of Emergency declaration, whichever comes later. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial decrease in household income due to one of the following that is supported with documentation;

    • COVID-19 illness or caring for a household or family member with COVID-19; 

    • Work closure, layoff, job loss, or reduction in compensable work hours;

    • Missing work due to minor child’s school closure;

    • Compliance with government health authority orders.

  • Notification: Residents have within 10 days of rent being due to notify their housing provider in writing of an inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19 and supply supporting documentation. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Rent accrued during this period must be repaid within 90 days of the expiration of the moratorium. 

  • Late Fees and Other Charges: The ordinance prohibits assessing or collecting late fees for rent delayed due to COVID-19.

Upland

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 31, 2020, the City Council enacted an eviction moratorium ordinance applying to cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 through May 31, 2020. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial decrease in household income due to one of the following that is supported with documentation:

    • COVID-19 illness or caring for a household or family member with COVID-19; 
    • Work closure, layoff, job loss, or reduction in compensable work hours;
    • Missing work due to minor child’s school closure;
    • Compliance with government health authority orders; or
    • Substantial out of pocket medical expenses.
  • Notification: Residents have within 30 days to notify their housing provider in writing (includes email or text) of lost income and inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19, and provide documentation supporting that claim. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Within 6 months of the expiration of the local emergency. 

  • Late Fees and Other Charges: If the rent is unpaid after 6 months of the expiration of the local emergency, a late fee may be charged and collected on rent deferred by qualified residents.

Vallejo

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 17, 2020, the Director of Emergency Services issued an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 until the expiration of the proclamation of emergency adopted by the City Council in Resolution No. 20-026. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A substantial decrease in household or business income, including but not limited to, layoffs, a reduction in the number of compensable work hours, reduction in operating hours or consumer demand, or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses due to COVID-19. This must be supported by documentation. 

  • Notification: Notification is not explicitly required, nor does the order address if qualifying residents have an affirmative defense to eviction. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: A timeline for payment of accrued rent is not addressed. 

  • Late Fees and Other Charges: The order does not state late fees cannot be charged.

Ventura County

Shelter in Place

Effective Monday, April 20, 2020, Sonoma County’s shelter in place order will be extended until Friday, May 15, 2020. The order deems essential and exempts from closure residential facilities for seniors, adults and children, as well as all other businesses that can operate under Social Distancing Requirements and prohibit congregations of no more than 10 people in the business at a time (including employees).

Watsonville

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council enacted an eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 on March 23, 2020. The moratorium is in effect through May 31, 2020. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to one or more of the following:

    • Being sick with or caring for a household or family member that has COVID-19;

    • Layoff, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from COVID-19 or the state of emergency;

    • Compliance with government agency recommendations to stay home, self-quarantine, or social distance;

    • Missing work to care for a home-bound school-age child or a family member deemed at high risk of severe illness from COVID-19.

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider before the rent is due in writing, which includes email or text communications, detailing the inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19 and provide supporting documentation. They must also pay whatever portion of the monthly rent they can support at that time. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are not relieved of the responsibility for monthly rent under the lease agreement. All deferred rent accrued over this time period is due six months from the termination of the City’s Public Health Emergency. 

  • Late Fees and Other Charges:  Not addressed.

West Hollywood 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On April 6, 2020, the City Council amended its moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 related income loss. The moratorium remains in effect through May 31, 2020. 

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to caring for myself or family member who is sick with COVID-19; Lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; Compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; Extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; Child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing within 30 days after the rent is due of inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19 and provide supporting documentation, which can include any of the following:

    • Proof of being sick or caring for a household/family member sick with COVID-19;

    • Letter, email, texts related to lay-off, los of hours or other income reduction;

    • Health authority communication about recommendation to stay at home, self-quarantine, etc.;

    • Medical bills, receipts or invoices of child-care cost; or

    • A simple explanation from the resident of how finances have been impacted due to COVID-19. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents have 12 months from the expiration of the local emergency to pay any deferred rent accrued during the moratorium period. 

  • Late Fees and Other Charges:  May not be charged or collected on deferred rent. 

  • Additional Commentary: Please see the City’s Renter Resources Page for more information.

West Sacramento

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 18, 2020, the City Council passed a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 through the expiration of the Governor’s Executive Order N-28-20. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income due to any of the following: residential tenant or commercial business owner was sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member who was sick with COVID-19; residential tenant experienced a lay-off, loss of hours, or other substantial income reduction resulting from COVID-19 or the state of emergency; residential tenant's compliance with a recommendation from a government agency to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; residential tenant's need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child; commercial tenant's business was required to close in compliance with a recommendation from a government agency; or commercial tenant experienced a substantial loss of business resulting from COVID-19 or the state of emergency. 

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider before the day rent is due detailing loss of income due to COVID-19 and provide verifiable documentation. They must also pay whatever portion of the rent they can cover at that time. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are responsible for all deferred rent accrued during the moratorium period, but no deadline for repayment is established.

  • Late Fees and Other Charges: Not addressed.

Whittier

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council passed an eviction moratorium on March 24, 2020, covering cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19, which is in effect until the expiration of the Governor's Executive Order N-28-20 (unless extended by the governor). 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact:  A covered reason for delayed payment is a loss of income due to any of the following: tenant was sick with COVID19 or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; tenant experienced a lay-off, loss of hours, substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in the opening hours or consumer demand, or other income reduction resulting from COVID-19 or the state of emergency; tenant’s compliance with a recommendation from a government agency to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; tenant’s need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child; and tenant’s extraordinary medical cost resulting from COVID-19 related medical expenses.

  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing (includes email or text message) on or before the day rent is due concerning their inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19 and “pay the full amount due minus the amount of change in funds available due to a covered reason for delayed payment.”

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are still liable for any deferred rent after the expiration of the ordinance and have 120 days from the expiration of the Governor’s Executive Order N-28-20.

  • Late Fees and Other Charges: Not addressed.

Woodland

Eviction

City Council Ordinance (Expired)

  • Action: On March 17, 2020, the City Council enacted an eviction moratorium ordinance covering cases of non-payment due to COVID-19, effective through May 17, 2020. The ordinance applies to nonpayment eviction notices and unlawful detainer actions based on such notices served or filed on or after the date the local emergency was proclaimed. 
  • Definition of COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A decrease in household income as a result of being sick with or caring for a household or family member sick with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction; compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or social distance during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures resulting from COVID-19. 

  • Notification: Residents have within 30 days of the day rent is due to notify their housing provider in writing (includes email or text communication) of lost income and inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts and provide supporting documentation. 

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Within 6 months of the expiration of the local emergency.

  • Late Fees and Other Charges: Charging or collecting a late fee for deferred rent is prohibited.

Yolo County 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

The Board of Supervisors for the County of Yolo has implemented an immediate moratorium on residential and commercial evictions for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 related income loss through May 31, 2020.