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COVID-19 Information for California

The purpose of this page is to provide apartment industry professionals with an overview of the issues affecting our industry with regard to the COVID-19 pandemic. The page is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute, and should not be construed as, legal advice. This resource is not intended to provide a mandatory standard of care for the industry.

State and Local Affiliates

Please remember to use your state or local apartment association as the primary resource for the most up-to-date information on your responsibilities. Find your local affiliate.

We highly suggest you contact a local attorney before you decide to initiate an eviction action against a resident in the current environment as overlaying federal, state and county laws or restrictions on the judicial process may apply. This includes: issuing a notice to vacate, initiating any eviction-related action, or assessing fees or penalties on residents for nonpayment of rent or other lease violations. In addition to the below, you can access NAA's statutory information on late fees, eviction laws and other policy issues.

Reopening Order

Every county in California is assigned to a tier based on its test positivity and adjusted case rate. At a minimum, counties must remain in a tier for at least 3 weeks before moving forward. A county’s risk level can be found here. Counties facing widespread risk must have most non-essential businesses closed, while lower risk counties may re-open commercial businesses per sanitary and distancing guidelines. 

Face Mask Mandate

The California Department of Public Health guidance began requiring individuals in the state to wear face coverings in any indoor space.

State of Emergency

Governor Gavin Newsom declared a state of emergency on March 4, 2020.

Eviction

DISCLAIMER: Localities are still assessing how to comply with CA AB 3088, the COVID-19 Tenant Relief Act (CTRA). As a result, there may be some confusion on how to comply with overlapping local and state restrictions. For more information on how to comply with the CTRA, please contact your local California NAA affiliate. 

Status: Eviction Cases and Enforcement Suspended

AB 3088 – The COVID-19 Tenant Relief Act (CTRA)

  • Actions: On August 31, 2020 Governor Newsom signed AB 3088 into law. Effective September 1, 2020, the bill addresses nonpayment of rent and eviction. The provisions of the bill expire February 2021.
  • Restrictions: The CTRA prohibits housing providers from filing unlawful detainer actions until October 5, 2020. Prohibits evicting a resident for non-payment of rent or other charges due between March 1, 2020 and August 31, 2020. Residents must provide their housing provider with a declaration stating their finances have been negatively affected by COVID-19 to receive protection under the bill. For rent due between September 1, 2020 and January 2, 2021, residents are protected from eviction if they provide the declaration explained above and, by January 31, 2021, and pay 25 percent of rental payments that are missed during this period. This means residents may pay that percentage of outstanding rent in one lump sum on January 31, 2020 and avoid eviction actions. Housing providers may not file an unlawful detainer actions against resident who attest to COVID-19 financial impacts until February 1, 2021.
  • Notice Requirements: Housing providers must give an informational notice about the new law to any resident who has missed one or more payments due between March 1, 2020 and August 31, 2020. A 15-day notice is required before seeking to evict for any unpaid rent or other charges between March 1, 2020 and January 31, 2021. The 15-day period does not include Saturdays, Sundays, or judicial holidays.
  • Extension of AB 1482 Just Cause Protections: Extends just cause protections under AB 1482 to all residents until February 1, 2021, with limited exceptions. See § 8 of AB 3088 for more details.
  • Effect on Local Eviction Moratoria: Local moratoria adopted in response to the COVID pandemic set to expire before January 31, 2021 may remain in place but cannot be extended or renewed with an effective date prior to February 1, 2021. If a local moratorium provides for repayment of back rent beginning after March 1, 2021, or ties repayment to the end of the state of emergency or local emergency, that repayment period is required to start on or before March 1, 2021 and end by March 31, 2022.

California Judicial Council Emergency Rule 1

  • Action: On April 9, 2020, the California Judicial Council issued an order restricting evictions until 90 days after the state of emergency is lifted, or the order is modified by the council.
  • Restrictions: Suspends the issuance of summons and entry of default and default judgments on unlawful detainer complaints, and to allow courts to set trials on any unlawful detainer actions in which a defendant has appeared more than 60 days after the request for such a trial, unless the court finds that earlier action is needed to protect public health and safety. Adopts emergency rule 2 to stay all actions for judicial foreclosures on mortgages and deeds of trust and extend all deadlines related to such actions. Provides for remote hearings.
  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes
  • COVID-19 Related Impact Requirement: No 

Executive Order N-37-20 (expired)

  • Action: On March 27, 2020, Governor Newsom issued an executive order implementing a statewide eviction moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent through May 31, 2020.
  • Restrictions: The order extends the time residents are required to respond to an eviction notice for nonpayment of rent, detailed in Code of Civil Procedure section 1167, to 60 days. Residents must have kept current on rent payments prior to March 27, 2020, and are required to notify their housing provider of the need to defer rent due to a COVID-19 related impact and provide supporting documentation.
  • Notification: Residents must notify the landlord in writing before the rent is due or within a 7-day timeframe requesting a deferral of some or all of the rent, due to a COVID-19 related impact. 
  • COVID-19 Related Impact: The inability to work due to being sick with a suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member with a suspected or confirmed case; being laid off, losing hours, or experiencing reduced income resulting from COVID-19, the state of emergency, or related government response; or missing work to care for a child whose school was closed in response to COVID-19. 
  • Supporting Documentation: The resident must show documentation, such as termination notices, payroll checks, pay stubs, bank statements, medical bills, or signed letters or statements from an employer or supervisor, supporting the resident’s assertion of an inability to pay. This documentation must be provided to the housing provider no later than the time payment of back rent is due. 
  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.

Executive Order N-28-20

  • Action: The order sets guidelines for local level eviction moratoriums. Evictions for nonpayment of rent or foreclosure may be prohibited if they arise due to a COVID-19 related impact or COVID-19 related government action, such as substantial decrease in household or business income caused by layoffs or a reduction in work hours, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand. Residents are still be responsible for rent.
  • Duration: Through October 17, 2020. 
  • Public Housing Authorities: Public housing authorities are requested to extend deadlines for housing assistance recipients or applicants to deliver records or documents related to their eligibility for programs, to the extent those deadlines are within the discretion of the housing authority. 

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

No statewide emergency rental assistance for California.

Rent Freeze

No rent freeze is in effect at the state level. Local rent regulations are restricted by the Costa-Hawkins Act Rental Housing Act of 1995.

 Costa Hawkins does the following:

  • It protects a landlord’s right to raise the rent to market rate on a unit once a tenant moves out.
  • It prevents cities from establishing rent control—or capping rent—on units constructed after February 1995.
  • It exempts single-family homes and condos from rent control restrictions.

Price-Gouging Law

Under California Code, § 396, it is unlawful to increase the price of rental housing by more than 10 percent above the determined rent prior to the declaration of emergency. For rental housing that was not rented prior to a declaration of emergency or its rent advertised, rent cannot exceed 160 percent of the fair market value as determined by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. The statute also prohibits housing providers from re-renting the property after eviction at a higher rate than would have been allowed under the price gouging statute.

Local Legal and Regulatory Information

Alameda County 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: Moratorium on evictions during and 30-days after the expiration of the local health emergency related to COVID-19.
  • Restrictions: No housing provider may evict or otherwise require a resident to vacate a residential unit or retaliate against them. Residents are provided an absolute defense to any unlawful detainer action filed or served on or after March 24, 2020.
  • Documentation: Recommended but not required. Providing documentation prohibits further eviction action with no exception.
  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: Prohibited.
  • Exceptions: 1) Removing the property from the rental market via the Ellis Act and in compliance with applicable local ordinances, 2) evictions in compliance with government agency or court order, 3) continued occupancy by the resident poses an imminent threat to health or safety (the basis of which cannot be a resident’s COVID-19 illness or exposure, whether actual or suspected).
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The ordinance allows tenants 12 months from the date rent became due to repay rent that became overdue between March 24 and 60 days after the end of the local public health emergency or 60 days after December 31, 2020 (whichever is later). Landlords cannot charge late fees or take punitive action. Even after this 12-month period ends, landlords cannot evict tenants for this overdue rent. However, once the eviction moratorium is over, the next month’s rent is due and nonpayment of that rent could be considered grounds for an eviction.
  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.
  • Additional Commentary: The county has developed a summary of the ordinance here. The county has also funded an anti-displacement program called AC Housing Secure that provides free legal assistance to county residents.

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Alhambra

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The City of Alhambra is offering emergency funding for housing assistance.

The funding comes from the Community Development Block Grant Coronavirus Fund (CBDG-CV) administered by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Under terms of the grant the city will receive approximately $596,000.

The housing portion, approximately $300,000, will be given out to 200 income-eligible households over a three-month period from June to August 2020. The recipients can be either renters or homeowners and will be selected by lottery after qualifications are verified. Each will receive $500 a month for each of the three months. Payments will be made directly to landlords or mortgage holders prior to June 1.

To qualify, households must have experienced loss of income due to the COVID-19 pandemic. According to a press release from the city, the households must also:

  • Meet HUD low and moderate-income restrictions at no more than 80% of the area median income adjusted to family size
  • The owner or renter-occupied unit must be the owner or renter’s primary place of residence.
  • Income and housing payment documentation are required.

Applicants must be residents of Alhambra. Applications will be accepted beginning today, April 28, and will continue through May 10. They are available at the city of Alhambra website.

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Anaheim 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance (Expired)

  • Action: Enacts a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent in effect from March 24, 2020 through September 30, 2020.  
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing providers of the inability to cover rent in writing before the day rent is due. They must also provide proof of reduced income due to COVID-19 and pay whatever portion of the rent they can cover. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents will have up to 120-days after the expiration of the ordinance to pay any unpaid rent to the housing provider. The terms of the payment plan should be agreed to by the resident and housing provider. If an agreement cannot be reached, the rent shall be paid in four equal monthly payments.
  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: No late fees, interest, or other penalties can be charged. 
  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.
  • Additional Commentary: See the City’s website for more info.

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Apple Valley 

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The Town of Apple Valley as an entitlement Grantee under the Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) Program, receives an annual allocation from the U.S.  Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to use in the implementation of eligible programs. The Town will be using a portion of CDBG entitlement funds to implement an Emergency Rental Assistance (ERA) Program that provides security deposits and short-term rental and/or utility assistance in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The CDBG-ERA funds will be used to facilitate urgent housing assistance to individuals and households experiencing a financial hardship due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

ERA will provide security deposits of no more than two (2) months of rent and rental payments up to the lesser of 100 percent of the applicants monthly rent or the current HUD established Fair Market Rent (FMR) values, based on unit (bedroom) size, will be made on behalf of an income-eligible applicant. Rental and/or utility assistance payments will be made for up to a period of no more than three (3) consecutive months based on need, to maintain housing and/or to reduce rental or utility payment delinquency in arrears as a result of the economic downturn during the COVID-19 pandemic.  Utility assistance payment will be provided in an amount equal to 100 percent of the utility payments and will be for the same 3-month period as the rental assistance payments.  Assistance in the arrears will not go beyond March 13, 2020.

Applicants cannot receive ERA if they are receiving rental assistance under another federal, state, local, or other source of rental assistance program for the months the applicant is requesting assistance for.  ERA assistance would result in duplicative subsidies.

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Berkeley 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council enacted an eviction moratorium on March 17, 2020 for the duration of the State of Emergency issued by Governor Newsom.
  • Restrictions: During this time, no eviction notices or unlawful detainer actions may be filed on or after the date of enactment for non-payment of rent of a resident who can demonstrate the inability to pay rent due to COVID-19. No fault evictions are also restricted, excluding those related to withdrawing property from the rental market through the Ellis Act.
  • Notification: Residents must provide notice of lost income due to a COVID-19 related financial impact and provide supportive documentation in writing (including email and text communications). Residents can do so prior to the rent due date; within three days (excluding weekends and holidays) of receiving a “pre notice of rent delinquency from the landlord; after service of a three-day notice to pay rent or quit; or as a defense to an unlawful detainer action.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Covered reasons for delayed payment include a substantial decrease in household income (layoffs, reductions in work hours), or substantial out of pocket medical expenses due to COVID-19. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Tenants shall have up to twelve (12) months to pay rent that was delayed by a Covered Reason for Delayed Payment unless the landlord and tenant come to a mutual repayment agreement (“Delayed Rent Payment Agreement”). Notwithstanding any lease provision to the contrary, a landlord may not charge or collect a late fee, fine, or interest for rent that is delayed by a Covered Reason for Delayed Payment.
  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: Housing providers may not charge late fees for rent delayed for covered reasons.
  • Residents Responsible for Rent: Yes.
  • Additional Commentary: See the City’s website for more info.

 

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The City of Berkeley has made COVID-19 Housing Retention Grants available to residents at risk of eviction and they will remain available for 60 days after the shelter in place order is lifted. Grants must prevent an eviction or support housing-related financial assistance needed due to loss of income from COVID-19. Households requesting assistance must have a signed rental agreement or an alternate form of documentation verifying the applicant’s tenancy and monthly rent.

Households must be at or below 80% of Area Median Income. Income must be verified by documentation from a third party or an affidavit signed by the applicant stating current income during the COVID-19 emergency.

Households must meet one or more of the following requirements. Where applicable, households should provide supporting documentation verifying the below criteria. During the COVID-19 emergency, acceptable documentation may include an affidavit from the applicant to prove the following:

  • Decrease in income
  • Unexpected medical and/or disability expenses paid without credit
  • Fleeing domestic violence
  • Work-related vehicle expense (the vehicle is required for the job supporting documentation from employer may be required)
  • COVID-19 related financial losses
  • Fell behind on rent for other factors to be approved at the discretion of the fund administrator.

Approved households can receive up to $5,000 as a one-time grant, and an additional one-time grant of up to $10,000 during the specified COVID-19 emergency.

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Chula Vista 

City Council Ordinance (Expired)

  • Action: On March 17, 2020, the City Council enacted an eviction moratorium consistent with Governor Newsom’s original guidance on city level eviction moratoriums. The moratorium runs through September 30, 2020.
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The moratorium stops residential/commercial tenant evictions and suspends foreclosure for nonpayment of rent or mortgage when a tenant's or homeowner's income has been substantially impacted by COVID-19 and that impact can be adequately documented.
  • Additional Commentary: See the City’s website for more info.

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Concord

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: A moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent from March 25, 2020 through January 1, 2020.
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider of inability to pay rent in writing (including email) at least 7-days prior to rent being due and supply supporting documentation.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial decrease in household income means a reduction in 20% or more of monthly pay when compared with resident’s average monthly income from 2019. Decrease must be caused by layoffs, a reduction in work hours due to COVID-19, substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses, increased childcare needs or expenses due to school closures.
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Affected residents will have a 90 days grace period per month of deferred rent from the expiration of the ordinance to repay unpaid rent accrued over this time period.  Ex: 2 months of unpaid rent x 90 days = 180 days. 
  • Additional Commentary: Rent increases are prohibited for affected tenants. All leases signed or renewed on or after August 28, 2020 must include an addendum containing written notice of the Ordinance. For existing tenancies, written notice must be provided to the resident no later than October 1, 2020. See City’s website for more info.

Rent Freeze

On March 25, 2020, the City implemented an eviction moratorium and rent freeze.

  • Scope: The rent freeze applies only to “affected” residents, meaning those that would also qualify for eviction protections by providing notice and documentation to their housing provider of an inability to pay due to COVID-19.
  • Exemptions: All properties exempt under California’s statewide rent control law (AB 1482) or the Costa Hawkins Act of 1995.
  • Duration: Until the Governor’s Executive Order N-28-20 expires or is rescinded.

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Contra Costa County

Eviction

ORDINANCE NO 2020-26

  • Action: Prohibits certain evictions through January 31, 2021.
  • Description: Housing providers may not refuse to renew a lease agreement without cause. The ordinance also prohibits the termination of tenancies for unauthorized occupants living in the unit if that occupant is an immediate family member.

ORDINANCE NO. 2020-20 (Expired)

  • Description: Through September 30, 2020, an owner of residential real property or commercial real property shall not terminate a tenancy for failure to pay rent if the tenant demonstrates that the failure to pay rent is directly related to a loss of income or out-of-pocket medical expenses associated with the COVID-19 pandemic or any local, state, or federal government response to the pandemic.
  • Notification: "Adequate documentation" of lost income or out-of-pocket medical expenses from the COVID-19 pandemic includes but is not limited to a declaration signed by the tenant under penalty of perjury, letters from employers citing the COVID-19 pandemic or related government action as the basis for termination of employment or reduced work, employer paycheck stubs, bank statements, or letters or notifications from schools in which the tenant has a dependent enrolled regarding COVID-19-related closures that affected the tenant's income. The tenant must notify the owner in writing before the rent is due, or within a reasonable period of time afterwards not to exceed 14 days, that the tenant needs to delay all or some payment of rent because of an inability to pay the full amount due to reasons related to COVID-19.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: (1) Loss of income from: (i) job loss; (ii) layoffs; (iii) a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; (iv) a store, restaurant, office, or business closure; (v) a decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; (vi) the need to miss work to care for a homebound school-age child or a family member infected with coronavirus; or (vii) other similarly caused loss of income, where the conditions listed in (i) through (vii) resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic or related guidance or public health orders from local, State, or federal authorities; or (2) Out-of-pocket medical expenses for themselves or their immediate family related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section, a tenant who demonstrated loss of income or out-of-pocket medical expenses as required under this ordinance, as required under Ordinance No. 2020-16, or as required under Ordinance No. 2020-14, shall pay all past due rent no later than January 31, 2021, unless the owner agrees to a longer repayment period.

Rent Freeze

On April 21, 2020, the Board of Supervisors enacted a rent freeze ordinance effective through May 31, 2020 , unless extended by the county.

  • Scope: Owners of residential property are prohibited from increasing rent.
  • Exemptions: State law requires certain exemptions from the County’s rent increase moratorium.
    • State law exempts residential units constructed after February 1995.
    • It exempts single-family homes and condos.
    • It exempts specialty housing such as nonprofit hospitals, religious facilities, licensed care, and health facilities, school or college dormitories operated by the school or college, government-sponsored public and affordable housing, hotels, and other transient housing properties.
    • It protects a landlord’s right to raise the rent to market rate on a unit once a tenant moves out.
    • The rent freeze does not apply to automatic rent increases included in a lease or written agreement made before April 21, 2020.
    • If the property is located in a city, other rent limits imposed by the city may apply.

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Fremont

Eviction

Executive Order – Office of the City Manager

  • Action: Prohibits eviction for nonpayment of rent when a resident can demonstrate that failure to pay is due to financial hardship caused by COVID-19. The Order does not apply to tenants who are already delinquent or in default (default is a documented process) prior to the Shelter in Place Order issued by the Alameda County Health Officer.
  • Duration: 30 days after the expiration of the local emergency.
  • Notification: Tenants seeking protection from eviction are required to notify their landlord the reasons why they are unable to pay rent and to demonstrate a connection to COVID-19. Tenants should provide notice with supporting documentation(s) to their landlords on or before the day rent is due of their potential inability to pay the rent because of COVID-19, but not later than five calendar days after the tenant is properly served with a Notice of Termination.
  • Duration: Established March 27, 2020. Order expires 30 days after the expiration of declared emergency due to COVID-19.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: 1) Being sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member sick with COVID-19; 2) lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business reduction, closure, or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; 3) compliance with an order or directive from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; 4) extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or 5) child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: “A landlord shall not impose late fees or serve a 5-day notice for nonpayment of rent to an affected tenant provided the following: within ninety (90) days after the expiration of the declared local emergency, tenant has repaid fifty percent (50%) of any overdue rent and expenses; and within one hundred-eighty (180) days after the expiration of the declared local emergency, tenant has repaid all outstanding overdue rent and expenses accrued during the emergency. 
  • Additional Commentary: A landlord may not charge or collect a late fee for rent that is delayed for the reasons stated in the Executive Order. In addition, a landlord may not seek rent that is delayed for the reasons stated in the Order through the eviction process. See the FAQ here.

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Fresno City 

Eviction

An  eviction moratorium has been implemented in the city, following guidance from Governor Gavin Newsom’s Executive Order 28-20 (See California). The moratorium will be in effect through the duration of the City’s State of emergency. 

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The City of Fresno housing Retention Grants are now available to assist Fresno families impacted by COVID-19 (such as job loss, reduction in hours, medical expenses, etc.). These grants of $1,500 per individual or $3,000 per family will assist with housing payments and related expenses. Applicants can apply here.

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Fullerton 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council passed a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent effective March 26, 2020 through May 31, 2020, which will automatically be extended if the Governor’s Executive Order N-28-20 is extended. 
  • Restrictions: Housing providers may not serve a 3-day notice or file an unlawful detainer action for nonpayment of rent if the resident provides documentation of a COVID-19 related financial impact. 
  • Notification: To qualify for eviction protections, affected residents must notify their housing provider within 30-days of the rent being due. Notification must be made in writing (includes email and text communications) and include supporting documentation.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Decrease in household income due to: layoffs or reduction in work hours; compliance with government guidance to stay home, self-quarantine, or social distance; childcare needs arising from school closures; or suffering from or caring for a household member who has COVID-19. The Cause must be related to COVID-19.
  • Payment of Deferral Payment: Residents are still responsible for any rent deferred and accrued during this time period and have 180-days to repay the housing provider. The City’s FAQ can be found here.

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Glendale 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance (Expired)

  • Action: City Council has enacted an eviction moratorium on nonpayment of rent cases effective March 24, 2020 through June 30, 2020.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to a COVID-19 related workplace closure or reduction in hours or activities; child care expenditures due to school closures; health case expense related to being ill with COVID-19; or caring for a household member who is ill with COVID-19, or reasonable expenditure that stem from government-ordered emergency measures. 
  • Notification: The resident has 14-days prior to the rent due date to provide written notice of inability to pay. Notice with respect to rent for April must be provided as soon as practicable. Later notices from the resident may be deemed reasonable, depending on the circumstances. Notice from residents must be written and must be provided to successfully defend against eviction.
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The resident has up to six months following the end of the local emergency period to repay any back due rent accrued.
  • Additional Commentary: See the City’s website for more details.

Rent Freeze

On March 24, 2020, the City Council enacted a rent freeze on all residential properties built prior to February 1, 1995, excluding single-family homes, condos, or unit turnovers.

  • Scope: The freeze requires all rents to remain as they were on March 24, 2020, irrespective of any increase notice.
  • Duration: Through June 30, 2020.
  • Additional Commentary: Increases that were noticed but did not take effect as of March 24, 2020, cannot be collected through June 20, 2020, or later if extended. The City has indicated that rent increases issued between March 25, 2020 and the expiration of the emergency order will need to be reissued once the order has expired.

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Hayward 

Eviction

City Council Emergency Ordinance 20-11 (Expired)
·Action: The City Council has enacted an eviction moratorium covering nonpayment of rent cases for residents experiencing a reduction in income due to COVID-19 related impacts. The moratorium was passed March 24, 2020 and has been extended through September 30, 2020.
  • Restrictions: The order applies to nonpayment, no-fault eviction cases, and unlawful detainer actions based on notices served or filed during the moratorium period. 
·COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: During the moratorium period, no landlord shall evict a tenant under either of the following circumstances: for nonpayment of rent if the tenant demonstrates that inability to pay rent arises out of a substantial decrease in household or business income (including but not limited to: a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; inability to work because their children were out of school; or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand); or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses and the decrease in household or business income; or the out-of-pocket medical expenses were caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented; or for a no-fault eviction unless necessary for the health and safety of tenants, neighbors, or the landlord. 
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing (text message or email) of their lost income and inability to pay rent, along with supportive documentation of that inability. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The repayment period is not addressed. Residents are responsible for all deferred rent.
  • Late Fees: Prohibited

 

Inglewood

Eviction

Emergency Ordinance No. 20-07

  • Action: Inglewood's ordinance establishes an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent due to any financial impact related to COVID-19 effective March 17, 2020 through expiration of the local emergency or state of emergency, whichever is longer.  
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Financial impacts related to COVID19 include lost household income as a result of any of the following: being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; layoff, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses as a result of COVID-19 that equal or exceed ⅓ of the resident’s monthly rent payment; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing detailing their inability to cover the rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts and provide supporting documentation. Any dispute shall be resolved by a court of competent jurisdiction. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Grace period for payment not addressed.
  • Additional Commentary: The moratorium includes no-fault just cause evictions as defined in Inglewood Municipal Code section 8-120(5). 

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Long Beach 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance (Expired)

  • Action: On March 25, 2020, the City Council enacted an eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 related financial impacts through September 30, 2020.
  • Restrictions: The restrictions apply to rent due between March 4, 2020 and July 31, 2020. It also applies to notices to pay or quit served on or after March 4, 2020 but before March 25, 2020. It does not apply if an unlawful detainer was adjudicated or the resident moved out prior to March 25, 2020. Any 3-day notice to pay or quit dated between March 25th and March 31st must include the following, or substantially similar language: “The City of Long Beach has declared a state of emergency in response to COVID-19. If you cannot pay your rent due to loss of income or medical expenses resulting from COVID-19, you need to notify and provide supporting documentation to [your housing provider, owner, or agent of the owner] immediately. You may qualify for protections against eviction and you may have a right to delay your rent payment and to repay such delayed rent over a six-month period. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Residents must show the substantial decrease in income is due to COVID-19 related impacts, including, but not limited to, including, but not limited to, a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses; and the decrease in such household or business income or such out-of-pocket medical expenses was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state or federal government (including school districts) response to COVID-19, and is documented and communicated to the owner
  • Supportive Documentation: Residents are required to provide notice and supportive documentation before expiration of a three-day notice to pay or quit. If the notice was served on or after March 4, 2020 but prior to the effective date of the ordinance, the resident can provide the notice and documentation any time prior to the final adjudication of an unlawful detainer proceeding. 
  • Notification: The ordinance does not address notice or documentation requirements by residents to property owners. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents have until November 30, 2020 to pay all accrued rent. The deferred rent is immediately payable if the resident fails to pay as it comes due after May 31, 2020.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The Long Beach City Council is considering using federal Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) money, typically reserved for low and moderate-income households, to fund a rental assistance program, but it could also use private and philanthropic sources to grow the pool of available money.

An implementation plan for the county’s program is not expected back before the middle of May. In Long Beach, the council did not set a date for when it expects back a report that could outline the city’s options.

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Los Angeles City  

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: Effective March 31, 2020, Mayor Garcetti signed a City Council ordinance into law implementing an eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent and other specific lease violations through the duration of the Local Emergency period.
  • Definition of COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Loss of income due to a COVID-19 related workplace closure, childcare expenditures due to school closures, healthcare expenses related to being ill with or caring for a household member with COVID-19, or reasonable expenditures that stem from government-ordered emergency measures. 
  • Notification: The ordinance does not require residents to provide notice to their housing provider of an inability to pay rent due to COVID-19 or provide supporting documentation. However, the qualifying inability to pay serves as an affirmative defense to eviction for nonpayment. 
  • Repayment: The resident has 12-months after the end of the Local Emergency period to pay any rent deferred or accrued. Prior to the end of the Local Emergency or within 90 days of the first missed rent payment, the housing provider and resident may agree to a payment plan from a set of options offered by the City. 
  • Limitations on Other Charges: No late fees or interest may be charged on rent deferred during the Local Emergency Period. 
  • Other Prohibitions: The ordinance also prohibits the following while in effect.
  • No-fault evictions, meaning “any eviction for which the notice to terminate tenancy is not based on an alleged fault of the tenant.”
  • Removing any occupied units from the rental market through the Ellis Act. 
  • Evictions based on the presence of unauthorized occupants, pets or nuisance related to COVID-19.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

Nearly 50,000 Los Angeles families hurt by the economic and health fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic could get help from a $100-million rent relief program passed by the City Council.

The money would provide up to $2,000 in rental assistance for low-income households who have lost work, fallen ill or had to assist sick family members during the crisis.

To qualify for the city program, residents will have to prove they’ve been affected financially or had health problems due to the coronavirus. The city will pay a resident’s rent up to $1,000 per month, with a maximum payment of $2,000 per household. The money would go directly to the resident’s housing provider.

Residents also must make no more than 80% of the median income in the area — $83,500 for a family of four — to be eligible. In an effort to direct the money to those who most need it, half the funding will be reserved for those making no more than 30% of the area median income, or $31,300 for a family of four.

Rent Freeze

Mayor Garcetti has implemented a rent freeze on all rent-controlled apartments effective March 30th. 

“Property owners shall not increase rents on occupied rental units subject to the Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Ordinance beginning on the date of this Order through sixty days after the expiration of the local emergency period. This Order suspends any conflicting provision of Chapter XV of the Los Angeles Municipal Code.” 

The Apartment Association of Greater Los Angeles (AAGLA) sent an action alert to members on April 1st explaining the rent freeze and eviction ordinances.

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Los Angeles County 

Eviction 

LA County announced a temporary evictions moratorium on March 18, 2020 through October 31, 2020, in unincorporated areas which is retroactive March, 2020. See the ordinance here.

Residents must demonstrate the inability to pay rent is due to a COVID-19 related financial impact and will have up to six months from the end of the state of emergency to pay any back rent accrued. See the City’s website for more details.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

On April 14, 2020, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors unanimously approved measures to create a rental assistance program.

The rent assistance fund will draw on CARES Act dollars from the federal government and will seek out other public and philanthropic sources, supervisors said. It could provide up to $1,000 per month for three months for renters who may be deciding between paying rent or buying food during a pandemic.

The effort is designed to cover renters around the county, including in some incorporated cities. 

Rent Freeze

On March 31, 2020, the Board of Supervisors enacted a rent freeze on residential property.

  • Scope: Applies only in the unincorporated areas of the County and only to units subject to the county’s rent stabilization ordinance (i.e. owners of multi-family housing with a certificate of occupancy issued before February 2, 1995.
  • Duration: For the duration of the eviction moratorium period.
  • Additional commentary: For a rent increase to be valid, it must have been in effect before March 4, 2020. Rent increase notices that took effect on or after March 5, 2020 are not valid and must be reserved once the rent freeze expires.

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Marin County 

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The County of Marin has partnered with the Marin Community Foundation to create a $1 million local relief fund. A portion of these funds will be designated to the Emergency Rental Assistance Program being administered by the Marin Health and Human Services (HHS). This program is for people who are at risk of homelessness and need rental assistance to prevent eviction due to a loss of income from the COVID-19 pandemic. For anyone seeking assistance, please call (415) 473-7191 and leave a message with your name and contact, or email [email protected]. Additional information is available at www.housingfirst.marinhhs.org

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Mountain View

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: In response to the COVID-19 Pandemic, the Mountain View City Council enacted a temporary eviction moratorium suspending residential evictions for non-payment of rent due to related financial impacts. The ordinance is effective March 27, 2020 through August 31, 2020. The eviction moratorium is applicable for all residential rental units in Mountain View including single-family homes, condos/townhomes, duplexes, apartments, mobile homes and mobile home spaces and other types of residential rental units.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: In order to qualify, a resident must experience a significant decrease in income connected to COVID-19, such as job loss or layoff; business, store or restaurant closure, reduction in work hours, substantial decrease in business hours; need to care for homebound children or sick family members; Federal, State, or local actions that prevent a resident from working, or; substantial out of pocket medical expenses. 
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing (via text, email, and or letter) within 7 days after rent is due. They also must provide supporting documentation within 14 days after rent is due. Such documentation may include, but is not limited to: letters from employers; Paycheck stubs documenting income before and after impact; Bank statements providing the same; or letters or notifications from schools.
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: After the moratorium ends, residents have 120-days to pay back rent accrued during this period. Housing providers and residents are strongly encouraged to contact the Mountain View Mediation Program to negotiate repayment plans. 
  • Additional Commentary: The text of the ordinance can be found here.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

On March 17, 2020, the Mountain View City Council voted unanimously to create additional financial assistance for residents impacted by COVID-19. The Mountain View Rent Relief Fund provides up to $3,000 per month for up to 2 months for Mountain View tenants who qualify. The Program is administered through the Community Services Agency (CSA). Visit the City of Mountain View’s COVID-19 Relief Resources Page or contact CSA via email at [email protected] or call (650) 968-0836 to learn more.

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Oakland

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council passed an eviction moratorium and established rent increase limits on properties subject to Oakland’s rent control law effective March 27, 2020 through the expiration of the local emergency order. 
  • Scope: The ordinance applies to the following: rent that came during the Local Emergency declared on March 9, 2020; termination notices that were served or expired during the Local Emergency; and unlawful detainer complaints filed or served during the Local Emergency. 
  • Restrictions: Residents may not be evicted except for instances where an imminent threat to the health or safety of other occupants of the property are at risk and such threat is stated in the notice as the grounds for eviction. This section is in effect until May 31, 2020, unless extended. 
  • Rent: Rent increases for rent controlled units in excess of the CPI Rent Adjustment are void. 
  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: Late fees may not be imposed. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent due during the Local Emergency period. “It shall be a defense that the unpaid rent became due during the Local Emergency and was unpaid because of a substantial reduction in household income or substantial increase in expenses resulting from the Coronavirus pandemic. This includes, but is not limited to, where, as a result of the Coronavirus pandemic, the tenant suffered a loss of employment or a reduction in hours, or was unable to work because their children were out of school, or was unable to work because they were sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member who was sick with COVID-19, or they were complying with a recommendation from a government agency to self-quarantine, or they incurred substantial out of pocket medical expenses due to COVID-19.”
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain financially liable for rent accrued during this period. The ordinance does not specify a date for repayment. The Ordinance encourages landlords to work with local agencies that will be making rental assistance available for qualifying residents and authorizes the City Administrator to issue regulations, including guidelines for repayment of accrued rent. 
  • Notification: The ordinance does not specify a form of notice or documentation. The resident will be required to prove their eligibility for protections in court. 

Rent Freeze

On March 27, 2020, the City Council passed an ordinance establishing an eviction moratorium and rent freeze.

  • Scope: Applies to units subject to Oakland’s Rent Stabilization Ordinance. Rent increases above CPI (3.5% until June 30, 2020), except where necessary to get a fair rate of return.
  • Duration: Through May 31, 2020, unless extended.

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Ontario 

Eviction

ORDINANCE NO. 3159

  • Action: On April 7, 2020, the City Council passed a temporary moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 through the period of local emergency declared in response to COVID-19.  Housing providers may not initiate an eviction action or serve a notice to terminate the tenancy of a covered person.
  • Notification: To qualify as a covered person under the ordinance and receive protection from eviction, residents must notify their housing provider in writing before the rent is due or within a reasonable time period not to exceed 7 days afterward, that the inability to pay rent is due to COVID-19. Resident must show verifiable documentation, such as termination notices, payroll checks, pay stubs, bank statements, medical bills, or signed letter/statements from an employer or supervisor explaining the change in financial situation to support the resident’s claims of an inability to pay rent.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Includes reduction in income due to the following 1) inability to work due to being sick with a suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19 or caring for household or family member sick with suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19; 2) lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction from COVID-19, the state of emergency or related government response; 3) missing work to care for a child whose school was closed in response to COVID-19.
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Not addressed.

Orange County

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

Orange County United Way has established a relief fund to prevent people helped by rapid re-housing and transitional living programs from becoming homeless. It offers $500 to pay rent

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Oxnard

Eviction

City Council Ordinance (Expired)

  • Action: The city council voted to enact a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent effective March 19, 2020 through September 30, 2020, unless the Governor’s Executive Order (N-28-20) is extended or the city passes an ordinance or issues an order extending the moratorium. 
  • Definition of COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: Substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, loss of income caused by layoffs, reduction in work hours, decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out of pocket medical expenses; provided that, the Financial Impact was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented. 
  • Notification: The notice must be in writing (including text or email) and include documentation to support the claim. Specific types of acceptable documentation are not specified. Payment of Deferred Rent: The ordinance does not outline a deadline for repayment after the moratorium concludes.

Palo Alto

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council passed a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent on March 23, 2020. 
  • Scope: The ordinance prohibits evictions of residential tenants for nonpayment of full rent due to substantial income loss related to COVID-19. This moratorium would remain in effect for the duration of the local public health emergency proclaimed by the County. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Residents are required to document the COVID-19 related income loss to their landlord to avail themselves of the ordinances’ protections. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents remain responsible for payment of the rent once they are able to pay or after the end of the local public health emergency. They have 120-days from the end of the state of emergency to make full payment of the back rent.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

On April 14, 2020, the Mountain View City Council approved an additional $1.13 million for the Mountain View Rent Relief Program. The Program provides up to $3,000 of rental assistance for one month's worth of rent to qualifying Mountain View tenants impacted by COVID-19. The Community Services Agency (CSA) administers the program.

To apply, contact CSA via email at [email protected] or call (650) 968-0836 to leave a voicemail. Email inquiries are preferred. CSA staff will respond as quickly as possible but please be patient. Households who apply after the program reaches maximum capacity will be added to a waitlist and contacted if additional funding becomes available.

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Pasadena 

State of Emergency

City Manager Steve Marmell announced a state of emergency on March 16th, allowing more sweeping powers than the public health emergency declaration declared weeks before. 

Eviction

ORDINANCE NO. 7363

  • Action: On May 18, 2020, the City Council passed a temporary moratorium on evictions through the expiration of the City’s local emergency.
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider within 30 days after the date rent is due of lost income and inability to pay full rent due to financial impacts caused by COVID-19 and provides supporting documentation.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: “Financial impacts related to COVID-19 include, but are not limited to, (1) for residential tenants, lost household income as a result of any of the following: (a) being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; (b) lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; (c) compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; (d) extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or (e) child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19; and (2) for commercial tenants, lost business income from full or partial closure of the business (voluntarily or by mandate) to prevent or reduce the spread of COVID-19.”
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents have six months from the expiration of this order to pay any deferred rent. 

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The City of Pasadena’s Emergency Rental Assistance (ERA) Program is available for eligible households financially affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The ERA can provide grants for up to three (3) months’ worth of past due rent, not to exceed $4,500 total. This program is available to renters residing in Pasadena, who have a current lease, and have notified their landlords of their inability to pay due to the COVID-19 Pandemic.

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Pomona

Eviction

ORDINANCE NO. 7363

  • Action: On May 18, 2020, the City Council passed a temporary moratorium on evictions through the expiration of the City’s local emergency.
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider within 30 days after the date rent is due of lost income and inability to pay full rent due to financial impacts caused by COVID-19 and provides supporting documentation.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: “Financial impacts related to COVID-19 include, but are not limited to, (1) for residential tenants, lost household income as a result of any of the following: (a) being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; (b) lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; (c) compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; (d) extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or (e) child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19; and (2) for commercial tenants, lost business income from full or partial closure of the business (voluntarily or by mandate) to prevent or reduce the spread of COVID-19.”
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents have six months from the expiration of this order to pay any deferred rent. 

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Rancho Cucamonga

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council passed an ordinance on March 18, 2020, establishing an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent. 
  • Duration: Through May 31, 2020, or until the Local Emergency ends, whichever is sooner. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, loss of income caused by layoffs, reduction in work hours, decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand); compliance with government guidance to self-quarantine or social distance during the state of emergency; or substantial out of pocket medical expenses; provided that the financial impact was caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state, or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented.
  • Notification: Residents must notify housing providers in writing (email or text acceptable) within 30-days of rent being due of the inability to pay the full amount due to COVID-19 and provide supportive documentation. Specific types of acceptable documentation are not specified. 
  • Repayment: Six months from the end of the local emergency. 
  • Late Fee Moratorium: A housing provider may charge or collect a late fee for accrued rent that is unpaid after that six months.

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Riverside

Eviction

City Council Resolution (Expired)

  • Action: On March 31, 2020, the Riverside City Council adopted a resolution establishing a temporary 60-day moratorium on evictions due to nonpayment of residential and commercial rent for those whose income was directly and negatively impacted by COVID-19. This moratorium will be reviewed for termination or extension by the City Council on May 31, 2020.
  • COVID-19 Related Impacts: The resolution does not include such a definition. 
  • Notification: The resident must notify their housing provider before the day rent is due detailing the “circumstances surrounding their inability to pay the entire rent.” If able, the resident should try to pay a portion of their monthly rent. 
  • Repayment: the resident and housing provider should work out a payment plan spanning a minimum of four months after the repeal of the Local Emergency.
  • Late Fee Moratorium: No late fees may be charged on late rent. 
  • See a copy of the Resolution here.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The Riverside County officials have created a rent relief program for up to $3,500 for both property owners and residents.

The program will provide up to three months of financial aid, with no repayment required, benefitting up to 10,000 households. The only qualification is documentation that the rental payment could not be made due to the pandemic.

Residents can apply for money from the Riverside County Rental Relief Fund regardless of whether they live in a city or unincorporated area. Applications will open June 22.

It will be funded with up to $30 million available to the county under the CARES Act, as well as with help from two nonprofits.

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Sacramento

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Council approved an eviction moratorium on March 18, 2020 due to the impacts of COVID-19. The city also included a temporary waiver of penalties on delinquent utility charges. The moratorium is effective from March 17, 2020 through the end of the local public health emergency declared on March 5, 2020. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: “Covered reason for delayed payment” means a tenant’s loss of income due to any of the following: tenant was sick with COVID-19 or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; tenant experienced a lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from COVID-19 or the state of emergency; tenant’s compliance with a recommendation from a government agency to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; and tenant’s need to miss work to care for a home-bound school age child.
  • Notification: The resident is required to provide written notice before rent is due and provide “verifiable documentation” (left undefined).
  • Repayment: The resident has 120-days after the local state of emergency ends to repay rent. During that time, the resident is protected from eviction without “just cause.” 
  • Late Fee Moratorium: Residents may not be charged late fees on deferred rent.

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Sacramento County

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The Board of Supervisors adopted a resolution on March 24, 2020 implementing a temporary moratorium on evictions for non-payment of rent. The resolution will be in effect through the remainder of the local emergency. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: Loss of income due to being sick with or caring for a household or family member who has COVID-19; layoffs, loss of hours, or other income reduction; compliance with government recommendations to stay at home, self-quarantine, or social distance during the state of emergency; a need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child. 
  • Notification: Residents must notify their housing provider in writing before the date rent is due outlining a COVID-19 related financial hardship, along with verifiable supportive documentation.
  • Repayment: Residents will have 120-days after the expiration of the Governor’s Executive Order N-28-20, including any extensions, to pay all deferred rent. 
  • Late Fees and Other Penalties: Late fees are not addressed in this resolution.

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San Bernardino 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: The City Manager issued an executive order on March 20, 2020, implementing a moratorium on issuing eviction notices and unlawful detainer actions for nonpayment of rent for the duration of the local emergency.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impacts: “Resident lost household income as a result of any of the following: being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or [social distance] during the state of emergency; extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; or child care needs arising from school closures related to COVID-19.”
  • Notification: The resident is required to provide notice within 30 days after the date rent is due. The notice of inability to pay and supporting documentation must be in writing (including text or email). Acceptable documentation is not defined. 
  • Repayment: Deadline is six months after termination of the local emergency. 
  • Late Fee Restrictions: Late fees may not be charged or collected for rent subject to the order.

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San Bernardino County 

Eviction

City Council Resolution

  • Action: The Board of Supervisors on March 24, 2020, passed a resolution placing a moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial decrease in household income or business income caused by layoffs, a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, a reduction in business hours or consumer demand, substantial out of pocket medical expenses caused by COVID-19 or any local, state, or federal response to COVID-19 and is documented. 
  • Notification: Not addressed by the resolution. 
  • Repayment: Residents are still financially responsible for rent under their lease, but repayment of rent accrued during this period is not addressed by the resolution. 
  • Late Fee Restrictions: Late fees not addressed.

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San Diego

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The San Diego City Council has approved the creation of an emergency rental assistance fund tied to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, although the details are still under consideration.  

The program as proposed would have redistributed $21.1 million in CARES Act funding each from police and fire and $19.7 million from San Diego’s “Shelter to Home” homeless transition program.

The program would provide up to $4,000 for more than 15,000 families affected by COVID-19 in the city. Those families making less than 60% of the region’s median income would be eligible. For a family of four, that’s about $69,000 a year.

Half of the rental assistance fund money would be able to be applied to previously missed rent, the other half of which can be applied to the coming months.

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San Francisco 

Rent Freeze

On April 24, 2020, Mayor London Breed Signed emergency legislation passed by the Board of Supervisors that temporarily prohibits certain rent increases during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Scope: The temporary rent freeze applies to all rent increases that are effective between April 7, 2020 and June 23, 2020 (unless extended), even if the increase notice itself was served before April 7, 2020. However, rent increases or passthroughs that went into effect prior to April 7, 2020 are not affected.
  • Exceptions: Rent increases for properties exempt from local rent control regulations (See the Rent Board’s Info-To-Go topics or call our counselor line for more information); increases permitted by state law, such as an increase based on the Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act or the Tenant Protection Act of 2019; increases authorized by Rent Board Rules and Regulations Section 1.21, where the Rent Board has determined that there is no “tenant in occupancy” of the rental unit.  
  • Duration: Through June 24, 2020, unless extended.

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San Jose 

Rent Freeze

On April 28, 2020, the City Council enacted a rent freeze on properties covered by the city’s rent stabilization ordinance.

  • Scope: Apartment buildings covered by the Apartment Rent Ordinance (ARO), which are buildings with three or more units that were built before September 1979, and mobile home parks covered by the Mobile Home Rent Ordinance (MHRO), which are parks established before September 1979.
  • Duration: Through January 1, 2021.
  • Additional Commentary:  The moratorium ordinance offers some important benefits for property owners, including the following:
  • ARO and MHRO landlords who voluntarily reduce rents during the COVID-19 pandemic are allowed to increase their rents back to the original contract rates during the moratorium;
  • Late charges are suspended through FY 2020-2021 for ARO landlords who pay their ARO fees late;
  • Tenants are prohibited from making service-reduction claims for the closure of recreational common areas at ARO properties during the moratorium.

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San Pablo

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The Housing Successor Agency of the City of San Pablo announced a COVID-19 Housing Assistance Grant Program today that will provide a one-time grant of up to $1,000 per household for residents of the city.

The grant can be used to “help pay for rent, mortgage or utility payments during the Contra Costa County Shelter-in-Place caused by the Covid-19 pandemic,” according to the city.

Applications will be accepted for the grant now through May 30, 2020. Per the city, to qualify, applicants must have: Experienced job loss or a reduction of work hours related to COVID-19 in their household; a total household income not exceeding the HCD Published State Income Limits for Low-income Households at the time the application is received; and must reside in incorporated City of San Pablo and be a legal resident.

Additionally, only one applicant is permitted per household and no member of the applicant’s household can be a City of San Pablo Elected Official, current employee of the City of San Pablo or a current employee of the San Pablo Economic Development Corporation, per the City.

Grant awards will be determined and distributed to qualifying residents prior to June 30, 2020.

The grants for residents are being funded with $250,000 from the City of San Pablo/Housing Successor Agency’s Low-Income Housing Fund.

To learn more about the COVID-19 Housing Assistance Grant Program and guidelines, click here. Application forms can be downloaded from the City of San Pablo website in English and Spanish.

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Santa Ana

Eviction

Executive Order (Expired)
  • ·Action: The Director of Emergency Services issued an Executive Order implementing an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Lost household income as a result of any of the following: Being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID-19; Layoff, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19;  Compliance with a recommendation from a government health authority to stay home, self-quarantine, or avoid congregating with others during the state of emergency; Extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses related to COVID-19; or  Child-care needs arising from school closures related COVID-19.
  • Notification: The resident is required to provide notice in writing (including text and email) to their housing provider within 30 days after the rent is due of their inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19. The nature of acceptable documentation is not defined. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Deadline is six months after termination of the local emergency. 
  • Late Fee Limitations: Late fees may not be charged or collected for rent subject to the order.

Rent Freeze

On April 7, 2020, the City Council adopted an ordinance establishing a rent freeze for all residential properties in the City until Executive Order N-28-20 is rescinded by the Governor. 

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Santa Clara County

Eviction 

Board of Supervisors Ordinance (Expired)

  • Action: The Board of Supervisors enacted an eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 effective March 24, 2020 through August 31, 2020.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income from: job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office, or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a homebound school-age child or a family member infected with coronavirus; or other similarly-caused loss of income, where the conditions listed in through resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic or related guidance or public health orders from local, State, or federal authorities; or Substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses for themselves or their immediate family members related to the COVID-19 pandemic. 
  • Notification: The ordinance does not specify a deadline for notifying housing providers concerning an inability to pay full rent. It only provides that residents may provide documentation of lost income or out-of-pocket medical expenses at any time prior to execution of a judgement for possession to stop such an eviction from moving forward. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: A qualifying resident has 120-days from the expiration of the ordinance to pay all accrued rent. 
  • Late Fee Limitations: Late fees may not be assessed during the effective time period of the ordinance or for the 120-day period thereafter. 
  • Additional Commentary: Be advised San Jose, Mountain View, and Paolo Alto are cities within the county with their own eviction limitations in place. Please consult an attorney to determine which provisions apply to your property.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

A coalition of nonprofits and major employers in Santa Clara County announced an $11 million fund to cover rent and other basic needs for low-income families who have lost income as a result of the coronavirus, either due to health care costs or lost work. 

The details are as follows:

  • Assistance per household: Up to $4,000/month;
  • Eligibility: 80% of the Area Median Income (AMI), resident of Santa Clara County;
  • Best contact: Community Services Agency (CSA) of Mountain View and Los Altos, 650-968-0836 or [email protected].

The $11 million fund at the county level, dubbed the COVID-19 financial assistance program, is being run by the organization Destination: Home, which is currently directing interested residents to Sacred Heart Community Service in San Jose.

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Santa Clara

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The City of Santa Clara has launched a program aimed at helping some residents who have fallen behind on rent. Through its Emergency Rental Assistance Program, the city is focused on low-income households at or below 60% of AMI, with rental assistance for past due rent payments that have accumulated due to the COVID-19 crisis.

Households must:

  • Reside in the City of Santa Clara;

  • Have accumulated past due rents after April 2020;

  • Demonstrate the ability to pay rent moving forward;

  • Enter into an agreement with your landlord to satisfy past due rents that the subsidy assistance does not cover;

  • Have a household income that does NOT exceed 60% Area Median Income (AMI) gross household income limits (see chart below).

The Emergency Rental Assistance Program can help address up to three (3) consecutive months of rental arrears (i.e., past due rents) in an amount not to exceed 85% of the Actual Rent or Fair Market Rent (FMR), whichever is less..

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Santa Cruz County

Eviction 

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: An eviction moratorium is in effect March 24, 2020 through May 31, 2020, for nonpayment of rent cases due to COVID-19. This order has been extended through September 30, 2020. After that date it will be replaced by CA AB 3088, The COVID-19 Tenant Relief Act. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income from job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office, or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child or a family member infected with coronavirus; or other similarly-caused loss of income that resulted from the pandemic; or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses related to the pandemic. 
  • Notification: Not addressed. Section 8.48.030 may be used as an affirmative defense to the eviction. 
  • Repayment: Not addressed. Residents are still financially obligated to pay rent during this period.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

The Economic Development Department of the City of Santa Cruz is partnering with Community Action Board of Santa Cruz County, Inc. (CAB) to market and administer an Emergency Eviction Prevention Program. The program is funded with HOME funding and CDBG-CV funding.

Grant funds may be used to assist with payment of past due rent, incurred on or after April 1st, 2020. A maximum of two month’s assistance is available for those who need it and are eligible with a monthly limit not to exceed $2,500 or a total limit of $5,000 total per household. The emergency housing assistance will be paid directly to the landlord on behalf of the household.

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Santa Cruz 

Eviction 

City Council Ordinance (Expired)
·Action: An eviction moratorium is in effect for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 through May 31, 2020. This order had been extended through November 30, 2020 but has now been replaced by CA AB 3088, The COVID-19 Tenant Relief Act.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Substantial loss of income from job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office, or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child or a family member infected with coronavirus; or other similarly-caused loss of income that resulted from the pandemic; or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses related to the pandemic. 
  • Notification: Not addressed. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are still obligated to pay rent under the lease agreement. Agreements may be negotiated that identify a set timeline for unpaid rent, which may extend for up to six months. Residents must pay whatever portion of the rent they can cover each month of the moratorium period.

Santa Monica

Local Emergency

The city is under a local emergency proclamation.

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

Santa Monica has established a COVID-19 Emergency Rental Assistance Program that will give as many as 300 households as much as $5,000 each to pay for up to three months of rent starting in August.

The program does not cover back rent deferred by the local eviction moratorium. Those who qualify will be entered into a lottery for final selection. Applicants must qualify as a low-income household and provide "proof of loss of income or increase in expenses related to COVID-19" that makes them unable to pay rent.

To qualify, the annual gross income ranges from no more than $63,100 for a one-person household to $118,950 for a household of eight.

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Simi Valley 

Eviction

City Council Ordinance (Expired)
  • ·Action: A moratorium on eviction for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 is in effect through May 31, 2020, unless Executive Order N-28-20 is extended by the Governor. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: "Financial impacts related to COVID-19" ("Financial Impacts") include nonpayment of rent, or a foreclosure, arising out of a substantial decrease in household or business income (including, but not limited to, a substantial decrease in household income caused by layoffs or a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work, or a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand), or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses; provided that, the Financial Impacts were caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or by any local, state or federal government response to COVID-19, and is documented. 
  • Notification: Residents have 30 days from the date rent is due to notify or make reasonable efforts to notify their housing provider in writing (email or text included) detailing lost income and inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19.
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents are financially responsible for rent accrued during this period, but no timetable for payment of deferred rent is established by the ordinance.

Sonoma County

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: An eviction moratorium on cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 is in effect from March 24, 2020, through 60 days after the expiration of the local emergency 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: “Substantial loss of income from job loss; layoffs; a reduction in the number of compensable hours of work; a store, restaurant, office, or business closure; a substantial decrease in business income caused by a reduction in opening hours or consumer demand; the need to miss work to care for a home-bound school-age child or a family member infected with coronavirus; other similarly-caused loss of income that resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic; or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses that resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic.”
  • Notification: The ordinance does not specify a deadline for residents to notify their housing provider of an inability to pay full rent due to COVID-19. It does provide that documentation of such inability to pay due to COVID-19, which is not described, may be used as a defense to eviction actions. Specifically, supporting documentation can be provided after service of an eviction notice to stop a housing provider from pursuing an unlawful detainer action, or if an eviction action is underway, used as an affirmative defense. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Qualifying residents have 60 days from the end of the local emergency to pay all past due rent.

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Stockton

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: At a special emergency meeting on March 17, 2020, the City Council unanimously passed a temporary moratorium on evictions in line with Governor Gavin Newsom’s guidelines for local eviction moratoria set forth in Executive Order N-28-20

  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: “Affected Tenant” shall mean a Tenant or Tenant Household, Mobile home Resident, or Mobile home Owner, whose is over the age of 65, has a compromised immune system, heart disease, diabetes, or other serious and chronic medical condition that affects the respiratory system, or has, as a result of COVID-19 pandemic, or declaration of the County Public Health Officer, or other local, State or Federal Authority, suffered a substantial loss in income through their employment as a result of any of the following: job loss; a reduction of compensated hours of work; employer’s business closure; missing work due to a minor child’s school closure; or other similarly-caused reason resulting in a loss of income due to COVID-19 and who is unable to pay rent as a result thereof and has provided their landlord with documentation or other objectively verifiable proof of the same.

  • Notification: The ordinance does not specify a deadline for the resident to provide notice. If the resident qualifies for the moratorium and has provided the appropriate documentation or proof, the resident may not be evicted during the effective period of the ordinance. Examples of appropriate documentation include:

    • A letter from employer citing COVID-19 as a reason for reduced work hours or termination; 

    • Employer paycheck stubs; 

    • Notification from a school declaring a school closure related to COVID-19;

    • California Driver License or other documentation of date of birth (if over 65); or

    • A letter or other document provided by a physician that documents an applicable medical condition.

  • Payment of Deferred Rent: The ordinance does not provide an extended deadline for repayment after the moratorium ends.

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Sunnyvale

Eviction

COVID-19 Residential Eviction Ordinance

  • Action: Temporary moratorium on evictions for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 through the expiration of the city’s local emergency.
  • Notification: Residents must provide documentation to their housing provider showing they have been financially impacted by COVID-19 within 30 days of rent being due.
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: Reduction in income due to any of the following; 1) Being sick with COVID-19, or caring for a household or family member who is sick with COVID19; 2) Lay-off, loss of hours, or other income reduction resulting from business closure or other economic or employer impacts of COVID-19; 3) Extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses; 4) Childcare needs arising from school or childcare closures related to COVID-19.
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: Residents must make partial rent payments if you are financially able to do so and pay back all rent owed to the landlord within 180 days after the City declares the emergency is over.
  • Additional Commentary: Late fees prohibited.

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Vallejo

Eviction

City Council Ordinance

  • Action: On March 17, 2020, the Director of Emergency Services issued an eviction moratorium for cases of nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 until the expiration of the proclamation of emergency adopted by the City Council in Resolution No. 20-026. 
  • COVID-19 Related Financial Impact: A substantial decrease in household or business income, including but not limited to, layoffs, a reduction in the number of compensable work hours, reduction in operating hours or consumer demand, or substantial out-of-pocket medical expenses due to COVID-19. This must be supported by documentation. 
  • Notification: Notification is not explicitly required, nor does the order address if qualifying residents have an affirmative defense to eviction. 
  • Payment of Deferred Rent: A timeline for payment of accrued rent is not addressed. 
  • Late Fees and Other Charges: The order does not state late fees cannot be charged.

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Ventura County

Rental Assistance/Housing Provider Assistance

Ventura County's Pandemic Rental Assistance program will provide up to two-months rent for Ventura County residents who make less than 80 percent of the area median income to be eligible, with priority given to those with an annual household income that is less than 50 percent of the area median income. These income limits vary by household size. For example, 80 percent of the area median income for a family of four is $90,350, but for a one-person household it is $63,250. 

To be eligible, applicants must be Ventura County residents who meet the income requirements and can demonstrate that their income was impacted by COVID-19. This includes loss of employment, reduced work hours and an inability to work due to childcare.

Housing providers are also involved in the process. After a resident completes the online application, their housing provider must upload the rental or lease agreement and attest that the applicant owes rent. If the application is approved, a paper check will be mailed directly to the housing provider.

If there are more eligible applicants than the funding can support, a lottery system will be used to select applicants. The application is not first-come, first-served, meaning any eligible applicants who apply before July 1 have an equal chance of securing funding.

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