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Smoke-Free Housing

Smoke-Free Housing (Smoking Bans)

Issue Overview

While Congress has not attempted to enact any type of nationwide federal smoking ban, many states and localities have bans in place. According to the American Nonsmokers Rights Foundation, 43 states and the District of Columbia have local laws in effect that that require non-hospitality workplaces, restaurants, or bars to be 100 percent smoke-free. Despite the fact that few states prohibit the practice in apartments, many owners and operators have been prompted for several reasons to voluntarily implement smoke free policies in their properties. These include concerns regarding the risk of fire damage from smoke-related fires, potential increases to net operating income by reduced cleanup associated with relisting units, and the appeal of smoke-free properties to certain renter demographics. 

As an Owner or Operator, How Does this Affect My Business?

While NAA believes property owners have the right to decide whether to allow smoking on their properties, smoke-free policies may be a good business decision. These policies eliminate the risk of smoke-related property damage and align with renter preferences.

  • Several studies have shown that most residents prefer to live in smoke-free housing, and some would pay more in rent to do so. This preference has been shown to influence renting decisions. 
  • Statistics from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development estimate turnover cost on a smoking apartment unit to be two to seven times that of a smoke-free unit. 
  • According to the National Fire Protection Association, smoking-related fires accounted for 5% of reported residential fires in 2014, resulting in $426 million in direct property damage.