Rent regulation policies (also known as rent stabilization, rent freeze, price-gouging and/or more commonly, rent control) are government-enforced price control measures limiting the rents that property owners may charge in market rate rental housing. Rent regulations mandate an artificial cap on rent, or in the case of "Cancel Rent" initiatives prevent the collection of rents during emergencies like COVID-19, without monetary investment or compensation by the governing jurisdiction. Rent controls distort the housing market by deterring or discouraging the development of rental housing and investment in maintenance and rehabilitation. With little to no ability to earn a profit, investors will shift their investments to other non-rent regulated jurisdictions. In practice, these policies have the effect of increasing the cost of all housing by forcing a growing community to compete for fewer housing units, and reducing the quality of rental housing.
As an Owner or Operator, How Does this Affect My Business?
Currently, 36 states preempt local governments from adopting rent regulation laws and only the District of Columbia, New York, and Oregon along with cities and towns in California, New Jersey, and Maryland have rent control or rent stabilization policies in place. However as housing instability and tenant displacement concerns gain more attention, local governments are increasingly pushing back on preemption laws and considering adoption of these restrictions.
While each jurisdiction’s rent control regime is slightly different, their laws and regulatory frameworks often perform similar functions. With taxpayer funding, they establish a local rent board to administer the program and regulate enforcement. They govern the amount and frequency of rent increases, require an approval process for special assessments to cover repairs or major capital improvements, and allow for decontrol of a rent-regulated unit upon vacancy or exceptions for new construction. Also, rent control policies are often coupled with just cause eviction measures or other restrictions that severely limit the ability of an owner to manage rental communities effectively.